Effects of variable attachment shapes and aligner material on aligner retention

Hiltrud Dasy, Andreas Dasy, Greg Asatrian, Noémi Rózsa, Hao Fu Lee, Jin Hee Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To evaluate the retention of four types of aligners on a dental arch with various attachments. Materials and Methods: For this study, three casts were manufactured, two of which contained attachments (ellipsoid and beveled), and one without any attachments to serve as a control. Four types of aligners were thermoformed: Clear-Aligner (CA)-soft, CA-medium, and CA-hard, with various thicknesses, and Essix ACE. Measurements of vertical displacement force during aligner removal were performed with the Gabo Qualimeter Eplexor. Means and standard deviations were next compared between different aligner thicknesses and attachment shapes. Results: CA-soft, CA-medium, and CA-hard did not present a significant increase in retention, except when used in the presence of attachments. Additionally, CA-medium and CA-hard required significantly more force for removal. Essix ACE demonstrated a significant decrease in retention when used with ellipsoid attachments. The force value for Essix ACE removal from the cast with beveled attachments was comparable to that of CA-medium. Forces for aligner removal from the model without attachments showed a linear trend. Essix ACE did not show a continuous increase in retention for each model. Overall, ellipsoid attachments did not present a significant change in retention. In contrast, beveled attachments improved retention. Conclusions: Ellipsoid attachments had no significant influence on the force required for aligner removal and hence on aligner retention. Essix ACE showed significantly less retention than CAhard on the models with attachments. Furthermore, beveled attachments were observed to increase retention significantly, compared with ellipsoid attachments and when using no attachments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)934-940
Number of pages7
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015


  • Aligner therapy
  • Attachment shapes
  • Retention
  • Thermoplastic appliances

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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