Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on the fatty acid profile of rabbit longissimus dorsi muscle (preliminary report)

A. Szabó, F. Husvéth, Zs Szendro, I. Repa, R. Romvári

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Abstract

This study was designed to investigate whether transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) of the longissimus dorsi muscle (MLD) of rabbits induces specific proportional changes in the muscle fatty acid composition. Ten 4-week-old Pannon White rabbits were exposed to TENS treatment two times a day, with the following settings: 30 Hz, 20 μs impulse length, 10 mA, 2 x 20 min. After a treatment period of 50 days rabbits were slaughtered and the fatty acid composition of the MLD was determined by gas chromatography. The TENS treatment increased the proportions of linoleic (C18:2 n-6), linolenic (C18:3 n-3) and gondoic acids (C20:1 n-9), compared with the control group. The level of palmitic (C16:0), stearic (C18:0), oleic (C18:1 n-9) and eicosapentaenoic (C20: 5 n-3) acids significantly decreased. The proportion of total unsaturated fatty acids significantly increased. On the basis of the results obtained, TENS may have similar effects on the muscle fatty acid profile like physical training. Based on the supposal that the composition of membrane structure was also affected, the electrical stimulation of muscles may have further consequences, e.g. on membrane properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-314
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Volume87
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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