Effects of Terminal Substitution and Iron Coordination on Antiproliferative Activity of l-Proline-salicylaldehyde–Thiosemicarbazone Hybrids

Miljan N.M. Milunović, Aliona Dobrova, Ghenadie Novitchi, Nevenka Gligorijević, Siniša Radulović, Jozef Kožišek, Peter Rapta, Eva A. Enyedy, Vladimir B. Arion

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Abstract

A series of five iron(III) complexes, namely [Fe(HL1)Cl2] (1), [Fe(HL2)Cl2]·1.6H2O (2·1.6H2O), [Fe(HL3)(MeOH)Cl2]·0.5H2O (3·0.5H2O), [Fe(HL4)(MeOH)Cl2]·0.5H2O (4·0.5H2O) and [Fe(HL4)(DMF)Cl2]·0.5Et2O·H2O (4′·0.5Et2O·H2O), where H2L1 = l-proline-salicylaldehyde–thiosemicarbazone (l-Pro-STSC), H2L2 = pyrrolidine-substituted l-Pro-STSC, H2L3 = phenyl-substituted l-Pro-STSC, and H2L4 = naphthyl-substituted l-Pro-STSC, have been synthesized. The two ligand precursors (H2L3 and H2L4) and iron complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic methods (UV/Vis, IR, and NMR), ESI mass spectrometry, cyclic voltammetry, and single-crystal X-ray crystallography (1–3 and 4′). Magnetic properties of the five-coordinate complex 2 and six-coordinate complex 4 have also been investigated. The antiproliferative activity of the organic hybrids and their iron(III) complexes have been studied in vitro in five human cell lines and one murine cancer cell line, namely HeLa (cervical cancer), FemX (melanoma), A549 (alveolar basal adenocarcinoma), LS-174 (colon cancer), MDA-MB-453 (breast cancer) and MS1 (transformed murine endothelial), as well as in human noncancerous fetal lung fibroblast cell line (MRC-5). According to the structure–activity relationship, introduction of aromatic groups such as phenyl or naphthyl enhances the cytotoxic potency of the hybrids in the following order H2L1 < H2L2 < H2L3 < H2L4. Coordination of the hybrids to iron(III) improves their antiproliferative activity in the majority of investigated cell lines with exception of H2L3 in LS-174, H2L4 in MS1, and both H2L3 and H2L4 in FemX cell lines, where an opposite effect was observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4773-4783
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Volume2017
Issue number40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2 2017

Keywords

  • Amino acids
  • Antiproliferation
  • Antitumor agents
  • Iron
  • Thiosemicarbazones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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    Milunović, M. N. M., Dobrova, A., Novitchi, G., Gligorijević, N., Radulović, S., Kožišek, J., Rapta, P., Enyedy, E. A., & Arion, V. B. (2017). Effects of Terminal Substitution and Iron Coordination on Antiproliferative Activity of l-Proline-salicylaldehyde–Thiosemicarbazone Hybrids. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 2017(40), 4773-4783. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201700962