Effects of sort and concentration of salts on the electrosurface properties of aqueous suspensions containing hydrophobic and hydrophilic particles: Validity of the Hofmeister series

Maryna V. Manilo, Nikolai I. Lebovka, Sandor Barany

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The results of systematic study of the impact of electrolytes (in a wide range of electrolyte concentration, C = 10−5–10−1 M) with alkali metal ions (Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+) containing chlorides and sulphate anions on electrosurface properties of aqueous suspensions containing hydrophobic (polystyrene latex with surface sulphate or carboxylic groups) and hydrophilic (aerosil, zirconium dioxide, bentonite, Laponite RD®) particles are presented. The behaviour of zeta potential (ζ-potential) and electrical conductivity was studied. The observed ζ(C) dependencies revealed marked maxima at C = 10−4–10−3 M for hydrophobic and at C = 10−3–10−2 M for hydrophilic particles. This phenomenon was explained accounting for two opposite trends related to the polarization of the electrical double layer (EDL) in the external electric field (increase of ζ-potential at low concentration) and the effect of the EDL compression (decrease of ζ-potential at high concentration). In concentrated solutions (C > 10−3–10−2 M) ζ-potentials always decreased regularly in the direct Hofmeister series from Li+ to Cs+ cations. However, in more diluted solutions, the indirect Hofmeister series for some particles were also observed. Such behaviour can reflect the impact of different properties of the surface including hydrophilic or hydrophobic nature, charge density, and partial dehydration. The sort of anions also influenced the value of ζ-potential. This phenomenon was explained by dehydration effect of sulphate ions, thinning the surface hydrate layer and shift of the shear plane toward the surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-884
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Volume276
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2019

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Keywords

  • Colloidal suspensions
  • Hofmeister series
  • Surface conductivity
  • Zeta potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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