Effects of setting errors (insert run-outs) on surface roughness in face milling when using circular inserts

Csaba Felhö, János Kundrák

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


In face milling, the roughness of the machined surface varies due to the movement of the cutting edge. Changes in roughness parameter values in the axis of rotation (symmetry plane) have been examined at a constant depth of cut for symmetrical milling. In this paper, the effect of increasing feed per tooth on the topography of the surface is studied in fly-cutting and in multi-point face milling. The study takes into account the axial run-out of the inserts. Theoretical roughness values were modelled, the real values were tested in experiments and in both cases the impact of the run-out of the cutting edges and the change of the chip cross-section were also taken into account. Based on the performed experiments it can be stated that the accuracy of the introduced roughness prediction method increases with the increase in feed and therefore the application of the method in the case of high-feed milling is particularly effective. The results have also shown that the run-out of the insert significantly effects the roughness of the milled surfaces and therefore the measurement and minimization of these setting errors is essential.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


  • Face milling
  • Feed
  • Insert run-out
  • Surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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