The effects of destroying the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the rat hypothalamus on pituitary-adrenal function were studied. Four days after PVN lesions were placed with a rotating knife, the basal plasma corticosterone level was normal, but the corticosterone response to electrical stimulation of the medial basal hypothalamus, surgical trauma, and ether-venesection stress was significantly inhibited. Four and 8 days after PVN lesioning and adrenalectomy, the basal plasma ACTH level was lower, and the rise of plasma ACTH level elicited by a 3-min ether inhalation was significantly smaller than in the adrenalectomized controls. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) activity in the stalk-median eminence extracts from PVN-lesioned rats was significantly less than in the control extracts. The weight of the adrenals was decreased by both 2 and 4 wk after PVN destruction, and 2 wk after hemiadrenalectomy, the compensatory adrenal hypertrophy was inhibited. The plasma corticosterone response to ether-venesection stress was inhibited only temporarily because it returned to normal by the end of the 4th postoperative week. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that a substantial portion of CRF-containing fibers in the stalk-median eminance region either originate from or run through the PVN or its immediate vicinity.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)