Effects of long-term agricultural land use on soil properties along the Austrian-Hungarian border - Part I. Soil mineralogical, physical and micromorphological parameters

N. Rampazzo, K. Rajkai, W. E H Blum, G. Varallyay, T. Ubleis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different long-term agricultural practices on the mineralogical, physical and micromorphological composition of soils along the Austrian-Hungarian border, where Austrian and Hungarian agricultural soils (3 transects with different soil type and cultivation system) were compared with former uncultivated Iron Curtain reference soils. The mineralogical results indicated that under undisturbed conditions in the reference zone a higher weathering of illite and formation of smectite occurred. The compacting effects of cultivation were reflected in higher bulk density, decrease of total porosity and soil aggregate stability. Pore size distribution showed a stronger decrease of coarse pores, especially in Hungary, where heavy machines were used, but without affecting hydraulic conductivity. Higher biological activity in topsoils of the untillaged areas was observed in all transects, leading to a more crumby structure, whereas in the tillaged soils a subangular, cracky microstructure had developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-39
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Agrophysics
Volume13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Land use
long term effects
agricultural land
soil properties
soil property
Soil
land use
Soils
transect
soil
illite
aggregate stability
soil aggregate
smectite
agricultural practice
agricultural soils
weathering
soil aggregates
agricultural soil
Hungary

Keywords

  • Agricultural practices
  • Soil degradation
  • Soil structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Soil Science
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Effects of long-term agricultural land use on soil properties along the Austrian-Hungarian border - Part I. Soil mineralogical, physical and micromorphological parameters. / Rampazzo, N.; Rajkai, K.; Blum, W. E H; Varallyay, G.; Ubleis, T.

In: International Agrophysics, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1999, p. 15-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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