Effects of L-carnitine and its derivatives on postischemic cardiac function, ventricular fibrillation and necrotic and apoptotic cardiomyocyte death in isolated rat hearts

Jianhua Cui, Dipak K. Das, Aldo Bertelli, A. Tósaki

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study aimed to examine whether L-carnitine and its derivatives, acetyl-L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine, were equally effective and able to improve postischemic cardiac function, reduce the incidence of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation, infarct size, and apoptotic cell death in ischemic/reperfused isolated rat hearts. There are several studies indicating that L-carnitine, a naturally occurring amino acid and an essential cofactor, can improve mechanical function and substrate metabolism not only in hypertrophied or failing myocardium but also in ischemic/reperfused hearts. The effects of L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine, and propionyl-L-carnitine, on the recovery of heart function, incidence of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF), infarct size, and apoptotic cell death after 30 min ischemia followed by 120 min reperfusion were studied in isolated working rat hearts, Hearts were perfused with various concentrations of L-carnitine (0.5 and 5 mM), acetyl-L-carnitine (0.5 and 5 mM), and propionyl-L-carnitine (0.05, 0.5, and 5 mM), respectively, for 10 min before the induction of ischemia. Postischemic recovery of CF, AF, and LVDP was significantly improved in all groups perfused with 5 mM of L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine, and propionyl-L-carnitine. Significant postischemic ventricular recovery was noticed in the hearts perfused with 0.5 mM of propionyl-L-carnitine, but not with the same concentration of L-carnitine or L-acetyl carnitine. The incidence of reperfusion VF was reduced from its control value of 90 to 10% (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-234
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume254
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003

Fingerprint

Carnitine
propionylcarnitine
Ventricular Fibrillation
Cardiac Myocytes
Rats
Acetylcarnitine
Derivatives
Reperfusion
Cell death
Recovery
Incidence
Cell Death
Ischemia
Essential Amino Acids
Metabolism
Recovery of Function
Myocardium
Substrates

Keywords

  • Acetyl-L-carnitine
  • Apoptosis
  • Infarct size
  • Ischemia/reperfusion
  • Isolated rat hearts
  • L-carnitine
  • Propionyl-L-carnitine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "The study aimed to examine whether L-carnitine and its derivatives, acetyl-L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine, were equally effective and able to improve postischemic cardiac function, reduce the incidence of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation, infarct size, and apoptotic cell death in ischemic/reperfused isolated rat hearts. There are several studies indicating that L-carnitine, a naturally occurring amino acid and an essential cofactor, can improve mechanical function and substrate metabolism not only in hypertrophied or failing myocardium but also in ischemic/reperfused hearts. The effects of L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine, and propionyl-L-carnitine, on the recovery of heart function, incidence of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF), infarct size, and apoptotic cell death after 30 min ischemia followed by 120 min reperfusion were studied in isolated working rat hearts, Hearts were perfused with various concentrations of L-carnitine (0.5 and 5 mM), acetyl-L-carnitine (0.5 and 5 mM), and propionyl-L-carnitine (0.05, 0.5, and 5 mM), respectively, for 10 min before the induction of ischemia. Postischemic recovery of CF, AF, and LVDP was significantly improved in all groups perfused with 5 mM of L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine, and propionyl-L-carnitine. Significant postischemic ventricular recovery was noticed in the hearts perfused with 0.5 mM of propionyl-L-carnitine, but not with the same concentration of L-carnitine or L-acetyl carnitine. The incidence of reperfusion VF was reduced from its control value of 90 to 10{\%} (p",
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AU - Bertelli, Aldo

AU - Tósaki, A.

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N2 - The study aimed to examine whether L-carnitine and its derivatives, acetyl-L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine, were equally effective and able to improve postischemic cardiac function, reduce the incidence of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation, infarct size, and apoptotic cell death in ischemic/reperfused isolated rat hearts. There are several studies indicating that L-carnitine, a naturally occurring amino acid and an essential cofactor, can improve mechanical function and substrate metabolism not only in hypertrophied or failing myocardium but also in ischemic/reperfused hearts. The effects of L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine, and propionyl-L-carnitine, on the recovery of heart function, incidence of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF), infarct size, and apoptotic cell death after 30 min ischemia followed by 120 min reperfusion were studied in isolated working rat hearts, Hearts were perfused with various concentrations of L-carnitine (0.5 and 5 mM), acetyl-L-carnitine (0.5 and 5 mM), and propionyl-L-carnitine (0.05, 0.5, and 5 mM), respectively, for 10 min before the induction of ischemia. Postischemic recovery of CF, AF, and LVDP was significantly improved in all groups perfused with 5 mM of L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine, and propionyl-L-carnitine. Significant postischemic ventricular recovery was noticed in the hearts perfused with 0.5 mM of propionyl-L-carnitine, but not with the same concentration of L-carnitine or L-acetyl carnitine. The incidence of reperfusion VF was reduced from its control value of 90 to 10% (p

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