Effects of fast atoms and energy-dependent secondary electron emission yields in PIC/MCC simulations of capacitively coupled plasmas

A. Derzsi, I. Korolov, E. Schüngel, Z. Donkó, J. Schulze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In most PIC/MCC simulations of radio frequency capacitively coupled plasmas (CCPs) several simplifications are commonly made: (i) fast neutrals are not traced, (ii) heavy particle induced excitation and ionization are neglected, (iii) secondary electron emission from boundary surfaces due to neutral particle impact is not taken into account, and (iv) the secondary electron emission coefficient is assumed to be constant, i.e. independent of the incident particle energy and the surface conditions. Here, we examine the validity of these simplifications under conditions typical for plasma processing applications. We study the effects of including fast neutrals and using realistic energy-dependent secondary electron emission coefficients for ions and fast neutrals in simulations of CCPs operated in argon at 13.56 MHz and at neutral gas pressures between 5 Pa and 100 Pa. We find an increase of the plasma density and the ion flux to the electrodes under most conditions when heavy particles are included realistically in the simulation. The sheath widths are found to be smaller and the simulations are found to diverge at high pressures for high voltage amplitudes in qualitative agreement with experimental findings. By switching individual processes on and off in the simulations we identify their individual effects on the ionization dynamics and plasma parameters. While the gas-phase effects of heavy particle processes are found to be moderate at most conditions, the self-consistent calculation of the effective secondary electron yield proves to be important in simulations of CCPs in order to yield realistic results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034002
JournalPlasma Sources Science and Technology
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Capacitive radiofrequency plasmas
  • Heavy particle processes
  • Particle based simulation
  • Particle heating dynamics
  • Secondary electron emission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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