Effects of excess UV-B irradiation on the antioxidant defence mechanisms in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings

K. N. Barabas, Z. Szegletes, A. Pestenacz, K. Fulop, L. Erdei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present experiments, changes in the antioxidant defence systems of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Tiszataj) as affected by excess UV-B irradiation were investigated. Wheat seedlings were grown hydroponically in phytotrons for 11 days. In one of the phytotrons 2.5 Wm-2 excess UV-B irradiation was applied and samples were taken daily. Catalase, guaiacol peroxidase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities were measured and changes in the level of glutathione disulfide (GSSG) were determined by HPLC technique. It was found that catalase, guaiacol peroxidase and SOD activities decreased, while GSSG level and GR activity increased under excess UV-B irradiation. In plant responses, the alarm and adaptation phases were recognised. During the alarm reaction, inhibition of stem and leaf elongation, accumulation of flavonoid pigments, decreased antioxidant enzyme activities, increased GSSG level and triggering of GR activity were observed, while normalisation of growth, disappearance of stem pigmentation, levelling of antioxidant enzyme activities, high GR activity and decreased level of GSSG were found as parts of adaptation to UV-B irradiation. After 3 days of UV-B treatment, the activities of Ca2+-dependent protein kinases (52 and 65 kDa) increased, suggesting that they may participate in the UV-B signal transduction pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-153
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Plant Physiology
Volume153
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Glutathione Disulfide
glutathione-disulfide reductase
Seedlings
defense mechanisms
Glutathione Reductase
Triticum
Triticum aestivum
Antioxidants
antioxidant activity
irradiation
wheat
seedlings
catalase
superoxide dismutase
peroxidase
Catalase
Superoxide Dismutase
reaction inhibition
enzyme activity
antioxidants

Keywords

  • Ca<sup>2+</sup>-dependent protein kinase
  • Catalase
  • General adaptation syndrome
  • Glutathione
  • Guaiacol peroxidase
  • Superoxide dismutase
  • Triticum aestivum L.
  • UV-B irradiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Effects of excess UV-B irradiation on the antioxidant defence mechanisms in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings. / Barabas, K. N.; Szegletes, Z.; Pestenacz, A.; Fulop, K.; Erdei, L.

In: Journal of Plant Physiology, Vol. 153, No. 1-2, 1998, p. 146-153.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barabas, K. N. ; Szegletes, Z. ; Pestenacz, A. ; Fulop, K. ; Erdei, L. / Effects of excess UV-B irradiation on the antioxidant defence mechanisms in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings. In: Journal of Plant Physiology. 1998 ; Vol. 153, No. 1-2. pp. 146-153.
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