Effects of different hyaluronidase concentrations and mechanical procedures for cumulus cell removal on the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection

H. Van de Velde, Z. P. Nagy, H. Joris, A. De Vos, A. C. Van Steirteghem

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The aim of this study was to compare concentrations of hyaluronidase and mechanical methods used to denude human oocytes from surrounding cumulus and corona cells prior to intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Cumulus and corona cells were removed in two pipetting steps: first in a medium containing hyaluronidase, and then in a medium without enzyme. The first step in the procedure was investigated. Different hyaluronidase concentrations (78, 39 or 10 IU/ml) and pipettes of different size (inner diameter 250 or > 1000 μm) were used to remove the cumulus cells. The time required to denude the oocytes was recorded. Metaphase II oocytes were injected, and the survival, fertilization, embryo development and pregnancy rates were evaluated. We found that by using a pipette with an inner diameter of at least 1000 μm we were able to decrease significantly the time an oocyte is exposed to hyaluronidase, even if the concentration of enzyme is very low (10 IU/ml). For the different conditions there was no statistically significant effect on the outcome in terms of survival, normal fertilization [two pronuclear (2PN)], parthenogenetic activation (1PN), abnormal fertilization (3PN), embryo development and pregnancy rates after ICSI. In conclusion, a concentration as low as 10 IU/ml hyaluronidase in combination with a pipette of at least 1000 μm inner diameter can be used successfully to denude oocytes for microinjection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2246-2250
Number of pages5
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997



  • Cumulus cells
  • Hyaluronidase
  • ICSI
  • Oocyte
  • Pipette

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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