The effects of cinnamaldehyde (CNA), known as a transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) agonist, on guinea-pig ileum and urinary bladder were studied in isolated organ experiments. Contractile effects were found to be present on both preparations. In the ileum, both cholinergic and purinergic (pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulphonic acid tetrasodium salt-sensitive) mechanisms are involved; the TRPA1 antagonist A967079 (1 μmol/L) significantly reduced the response. The contractile response to CNA in the bladder, but not in the ileum, was significantly reduced by in vitro capsaicin desensitization. In the bladder A967079 or the TRPV1 antagonist, BCTC failed to reduce the response. A direct relaxation on the smooth muscle was detected in the precontracted ileum. In the precontracted urinary bladder, CNA also caused relaxation that was insensitive to capsaicin pretreatment. It is suggested that CNA excites the muscles of the bladder via activation of capsaicin-sensitive nerves; in the ileum, it may interact with TRPA1 located on tissue elements that initiate both purinergic and cholinergic mechanisms. The relaxant effects of CNA may be due to the direct inhibition of the smooth muscles.
- Urinary bladder
ASJC Scopus subject areas