Effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy on left ventricular mass and wall thickness in mild heart failure patients in MADIT-CRT

Valentina Kutyifa, Scott D. Solomon, Mikhail Bourgoun, Amil M. Shah, Anne Catherine Pouleur, Dorit Knappe, Scott McNitt, Paul J. Wang, Bela Merkely, Marc Pfeffer, Arthur J. Moss, Wojciech Zareba

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Abstract

Background: The effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on left ventricular wall thickness and left ventricular mass (LVM) is unknown. Objectives: To evaluate the effects of CRT on septal and posterior wall thickness (SWT and PWT) and LVM in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) and non-LBBB vs implantable cardioverter-defibrillator patients and to assess the relationship between CRT-induced changes and cardiac events. Methods: We investigated 843 patients with LBBB and 366 patients with non-LBBB enrolled in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial - Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (MADIT-CRT) trial to analyze changes in SWT, PWT, and LVM at 12 months and subsequent outcome. The primary end point was heart failure or death; secondary end points included ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, or death. Results: In LBBB patients, reduction in SWT, PWT, and LVM was more pronounced in CRT defibrillator (CRT-D) than in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (SWT:-6.7%±4.4% vs-1.0%±1.9%; PWT:-6.4%±4.3% vs-0.8%±1.9%; LVM:-23.6%±9.9% vs-5.1%±5.1%; P<.001 for all). In CRT-D patients with non-LBBB, LVM reduction was less pronounced; however, changes in SWT and PWT were comparable. Changes in LVM correlated with changes in left ventricular end-diastolic volume. In CRT-D patients with LBBB, reduction in SWT and LVM was associated with reduction in heart failure/death (SWT: hazard ratio 0.94; 95% confidence interval 0.89-0.99 per percent change; P =.03) and ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation/death (SWT: hazard ratio 0.95; 95% confidence interval 0.91-1.00; P =.04). CRT-D patients with non-LBBB did not show favorable reduction in clinical or arrhythmic end points related to changes in SWT, PWT, or LVM. Conclusions: CRT-D was associated with significant reduction in SWT, PWT, and LVM in patients with LBBB along with left ventricular volume changes and associated favorable clinical and arrhythmia outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-360
Number of pages7
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2013

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Keywords

  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • Heart failure
  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • Left ventricular mass
  • Ventricular arrhythmia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Kutyifa, V., Solomon, S. D., Bourgoun, M., Shah, A. M., Pouleur, A. C., Knappe, D., McNitt, S., Wang, P. J., Merkely, B., Pfeffer, M., Moss, A. J., & Zareba, W. (2013). Effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy on left ventricular mass and wall thickness in mild heart failure patients in MADIT-CRT. Heart Rhythm, 10(3), 354-360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2012.11.007