P-glycoprotein (Pgp), a membrane pump often responsible for the multidrug resistance of cancer cells, undergoes conformational changes in the presence of substrates/modulators, or upon ATP depletion, reflected by its enhanced reactivity with the UIC2 monoclonal antibody. When the UIC2-shift was elicited by certain modulators (e.g. cyclosporin A or vinblastine, but not with verapamil or Tween 80), the subsequent binding of other monoclonal anti-Pgp Ig sharing epitopes with UIC2 (e.g. MM12.10) was abolished [Nagy, H., Goda, K., Arceci, R., Cianfriglia, M., Mechetner, E. & Szabó Jr, G. (2001) Eur. J. Biochem. 268, 2416-2420]. To further study the relationship between UIC2-shift and the suppression of MM12.10 binding, we compared, on live cells, how ATP depletion and treatment of cells with phosphate analogues (sodium orthovanadate, beryllium fluoride and fluoro-aluminate) that trap nucleotides at the catalytic site, affect the two phenomena. Similarly to modulators or ATP depleting agents, all the phosphate analogues increased daunorubicin accumulation in Pgp-expressing cells. Prelabeling of ATP depleted cells with UIC2 completely abolished the subsequent binding of MM12.10, in accordance with the enhanced binding of the first mAb. Vanadate and beryllium fluoride, but not fluoro-aluminate, reversed the effect of cyclosporin A, preventing UIC2 binding and allowing for labeling of cells with MM12.10. Thus, changes in UIC2 reactivity are accompanied by complementary changes in MM12.10 binding also in response to direct modulation of the ATP-binding site, confirming that conformational changes intrinsic to the catalytic cycle are reflected by both UIC2-related phenomena. These data also fit a model where the UIC2 epitope is available for antibody binding throughout the catalytic cycle including the step of ATP binding, to become unavailable only in the catalytic transition state.
- Multidrug resistance
ASJC Scopus subject areas