Effects of aerobic workout on the changes in the characteristics of dynamics of the center of gravity in different age categories

P. Szablics, K. Orbán, S. Szabo, M. Dvorák, M. Ungvári, S. Béres, A. H. Molnár, Z. Pintér, K. Kupai, A. Pósa, Cs Varga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The quality and function of movements undergo deterioration due to weight gain. Aerobic training normalizes body weight, improves the health status, and in addition, it is expected to improve the dynamics of movements. The aims of this study were to prove the beneficial effects of recreational physical activities on the movements. Methods: Participants were divided into five different age categories: second childhood, adolescence, mature age I, mature age II, and aging. Squatting and vertical jumping of the participants were measured at the beginning and at the end of a 5-month training program. These movements simulated ordinary daily movements. Changes in the body were determined by InBody230. APAS 3D system was used for movement analysis. Results: The results showed significant improvements in body weight, fat mass, muscle mass, fat mass-body weight ratio, muscle mass-body weight ratio, body mass index, body fat percentage, and waist-hip ratio. During jumping, the lifting and sinking of the center of gravity's (CG) position and its velocity and acceleration were improved. In case of squatting, the results showed significant improvements in the velocity and acceleration of dynamical characteristics of the CG. Other correlations were observed between changes in body composition and the dynamics of movements. Discussion: The research proved that recreational training optimized body composition and improved the characteristics of CG's dynamics. The study suggests considerable connection between body composition and the characteristics of the movements' dynamics. From this point of view, our training program was the most effective in the working age groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-150
Number of pages11
JournalPhysiology International
Volume106
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Gravitation
Body Composition
Body Weight
Fats
Education
Muscles
Waist-Hip Ratio
Health Status
Weight Gain
Adipose Tissue
Body Mass Index
Age Groups
Exercise
Research

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Center of gravity
  • Movement analysis
  • Recreational physical activities
  • Squatting
  • Vertical jumping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Effects of aerobic workout on the changes in the characteristics of dynamics of the center of gravity in different age categories. / Szablics, P.; Orbán, K.; Szabo, S.; Dvorák, M.; Ungvári, M.; Béres, S.; Molnár, A. H.; Pintér, Z.; Kupai, K.; Pósa, A.; Varga, Cs.

In: Physiology International, Vol. 106, No. 2, 01.01.2019, p. 140-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Szablics, P, Orbán, K, Szabo, S, Dvorák, M, Ungvári, M, Béres, S, Molnár, AH, Pintér, Z, Kupai, K, Pósa, A & Varga, C 2019, 'Effects of aerobic workout on the changes in the characteristics of dynamics of the center of gravity in different age categories', Physiology International, vol. 106, no. 2, pp. 140-150. https://doi.org/10.1556/2060.106.2019.13
Szablics, P. ; Orbán, K. ; Szabo, S. ; Dvorák, M. ; Ungvári, M. ; Béres, S. ; Molnár, A. H. ; Pintér, Z. ; Kupai, K. ; Pósa, A. ; Varga, Cs. / Effects of aerobic workout on the changes in the characteristics of dynamics of the center of gravity in different age categories. In: Physiology International. 2019 ; Vol. 106, No. 2. pp. 140-150.
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