Effects of acidic and basic macromolecules on the activity of protein phosphatase-1

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The dephosphorylation of phosphorylase a by the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase-1 obtained from rabbit skeletal muscle is inhibited by heparin in a noncompetitive manner with respect to phosphorylase a (Ki = 8 μg/ml). The inhibitory effect of heparin is also observed in the presence of effectors (e.g., glucose and AMP) modifying the dephosphorylation of phosphorylase a. Heat-stable protein inhibitors of protein phosphatase-1 can develop their inhibitory effect of the activity of protein phosphatase-1 even in the presence of heparin. The inhibitory effect of heparin and the heat-stable inhibitor-2 of phosphatase is additive. Polybrene, a heparin antagonist, prevented phosphatase-1 from the inhibition caused by heparin or the inhibitors. Proteins with basic character, histone fractions (H1, H3) and protamine sulfate, can counteract with the inhibitory effect of heparin, but they cannot intercept the actions of inhibitor-1 or -2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-29
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Protein Structure and Molecular
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 21 1985



  • (Rabbit skeletal muscle)
  • Enzyme inhibitor
  • Polybrene
  • Protein phosphatase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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