Effects of 2,3-benzodiazepine AMPA receptor antagonists on dopamine turnover in the striatum of rats with experimental parkinsonism

Katalin Megyeri, Bernadett Marko, Nora Sziray, Istvan Gacsalyi, Zsolt Juranyi, Gyorgy Levay, Laszlo G. Harsing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although levodopa is the current "gold standard" for treatment of Parkinson's disease, there has been disputation on whether AMPA receptor antagonists can be used as adjuvant therapy to improve the effects of levodopa. Systemic administration of levodopa, the precursor of dopamine, increases brain dopamine turnover rate and this elevated turnover is believed to be essential for successful treatment of Parkinson's disease. However, long-term treatment of patients with levodopa often leads to development of dyskinesia. Therefore, drugs that feature potentiation of dopamine turnover rate and are able to reduce daily levodopa dosages might be used as adjuvant in the treatment of patients suffering from Parkinson's disease. To investigate such combined treatment, we have examined the effects of two non-competitive AMPA receptor antagonists, GYKI-52466 and GYKI-53405, alone or in combination with levodopa on dopamine turnover rate in 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned striatum of the rat. We found here that repeated administration of levodopa, added with the peripheral DOPA decarboxylase inhibitor carbidopa, increased dopamine turnover rate after lesioning the striatum with 6-hydroxydopamine. Moreover, combination of levodopa with GYKI-52466 or GYKI-53405 further increased dopamine turnover enhanced by levodopa administration while the AMPA receptor antagonists by themselves failed to influence striatal dopamine turnover. We concluded from the present data that potentiation observed between levodopa and AMPA receptor antagonists may reflect levodopa-sparing effects in clinical treatment indicating the therapeutic potential of such combination in the management of Parkinson's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-507
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2007

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Keywords

  • 6-OHDA-lesioned striatum
  • AMPA antagonists
  • Dopaminergic neurotransmission
  • GABAergic projection neurons
  • Levodopa
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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