It was demonstrated that the mechanical stress-induced βα-transformation in isotactic polypropylene (iPP) is associated with considerable toughness enhancement. This toughness improvement depends on the test conditions (loading frequency). The toughness of β-iPP was superior to the α-iPP by 13% under static (characterized by a load frequency of ca. 5 X 10-4 Hz) and 70% under dynamic (tensile impact with a loading frequency in the range of ca. 3 X 102 ⋯ 103 Hz) conditions, respectively. By applying the essential work of fracture (EWF) concept to single-edge notched tensile (SEN-T) specimens it was shown that for the toughness upgrading observed, energy dissipation in the enlarged plastic zone is responsible. The occurrence of the βα-transformation was evidenced by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Based on DSC measurements it was found that the degree of βα-transformation depends on the local strain. At high strain values the βα-conversion is complete (at elogation at break in uniaxial static tensile test), while this transformation is only partial at lower strains (at tensile impact). In addition, in the plastic (or deformation) zone the βα-conversion changed locally, and can be used for mapping of this region.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Polymer Science|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 10 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry