Effectiveness of intra-arterial steroid administration for the treatment of steroid-refractory acute gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease

V. Bérczi, A. Tóth, G. Tatai, J. Fábián, P. Reményi, T. Masszi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIM: To retrospectively assess the clinical effectiveness of intra-arterial steroid administration (IASA) treatment in adult patients who developed steroid-refractory gastrointestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (GI-aGvHD) (≥stage II) following haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 10 consecutive adult patients (age range, 19–61 years; mean age, 42 years) of a single centre with GI-aGvHD (≥stage II) who showed no response to intravenous methylprednisolone and received IASA into the superior (SMA) and/or inferior mesenteric arteries (IMA) were analysed. The severity of aGvHD was determined as the volume of diarrhoea (stages 0–IV) and the Glucksberg grading system before and 12±3 SD, 27±4 and 54±6 days after IASA treatment. Median follow-up was 65 days (range, 22–370 days). RESULTS: Six out of 10 patients at 12 days, 8/10 patients at 27 days, 6/10 patients at 54 days after IASA showed gastrointestinal response. Among them, 1/10 patients at 12 days, 4/10 patients at 27 days, and the same 4/10 patients at 54 days showed complete resolution of GI-aGvHD. The 4/10 patients who reached complete resolution of GI-aGvHD at day 12 or 27 showed a sustained symptom-free state. One in 10 patient showed only a temporary response, 5/10 patients died between days 22 and 67. CONCLUSIONS: IASA seems to be a potentially useful second-line therapy for intravenous steroid-refractory GI-aGvHD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Radiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Graft vs Host Disease
Steroids
Therapeutics
Inferior Mesenteric Artery
Superior Mesenteric Artery
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Methylprednisolone
Diarrhea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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title = "Effectiveness of intra-arterial steroid administration for the treatment of steroid-refractory acute gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease",
abstract = "AIM: To retrospectively assess the clinical effectiveness of intra-arterial steroid administration (IASA) treatment in adult patients who developed steroid-refractory gastrointestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (GI-aGvHD) (≥stage II) following haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 10 consecutive adult patients (age range, 19–61 years; mean age, 42 years) of a single centre with GI-aGvHD (≥stage II) who showed no response to intravenous methylprednisolone and received IASA into the superior (SMA) and/or inferior mesenteric arteries (IMA) were analysed. The severity of aGvHD was determined as the volume of diarrhoea (stages 0–IV) and the Glucksberg grading system before and 12±3 SD, 27±4 and 54±6 days after IASA treatment. Median follow-up was 65 days (range, 22–370 days). RESULTS: Six out of 10 patients at 12 days, 8/10 patients at 27 days, 6/10 patients at 54 days after IASA showed gastrointestinal response. Among them, 1/10 patients at 12 days, 4/10 patients at 27 days, and the same 4/10 patients at 54 days showed complete resolution of GI-aGvHD. The 4/10 patients who reached complete resolution of GI-aGvHD at day 12 or 27 showed a sustained symptom-free state. One in 10 patient showed only a temporary response, 5/10 patients died between days 22 and 67. CONCLUSIONS: IASA seems to be a potentially useful second-line therapy for intravenous steroid-refractory GI-aGvHD.",
author = "V. B{\'e}rczi and A. T{\'o}th and G. Tatai and J. F{\'a}bi{\'a}n and P. Rem{\'e}nyi and T. Masszi",
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T1 - Effectiveness of intra-arterial steroid administration for the treatment of steroid-refractory acute gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease

AU - Bérczi, V.

AU - Tóth, A.

AU - Tatai, G.

AU - Fábián, J.

AU - Reményi, P.

AU - Masszi, T.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - AIM: To retrospectively assess the clinical effectiveness of intra-arterial steroid administration (IASA) treatment in adult patients who developed steroid-refractory gastrointestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (GI-aGvHD) (≥stage II) following haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 10 consecutive adult patients (age range, 19–61 years; mean age, 42 years) of a single centre with GI-aGvHD (≥stage II) who showed no response to intravenous methylprednisolone and received IASA into the superior (SMA) and/or inferior mesenteric arteries (IMA) were analysed. The severity of aGvHD was determined as the volume of diarrhoea (stages 0–IV) and the Glucksberg grading system before and 12±3 SD, 27±4 and 54±6 days after IASA treatment. Median follow-up was 65 days (range, 22–370 days). RESULTS: Six out of 10 patients at 12 days, 8/10 patients at 27 days, 6/10 patients at 54 days after IASA showed gastrointestinal response. Among them, 1/10 patients at 12 days, 4/10 patients at 27 days, and the same 4/10 patients at 54 days showed complete resolution of GI-aGvHD. The 4/10 patients who reached complete resolution of GI-aGvHD at day 12 or 27 showed a sustained symptom-free state. One in 10 patient showed only a temporary response, 5/10 patients died between days 22 and 67. CONCLUSIONS: IASA seems to be a potentially useful second-line therapy for intravenous steroid-refractory GI-aGvHD.

AB - AIM: To retrospectively assess the clinical effectiveness of intra-arterial steroid administration (IASA) treatment in adult patients who developed steroid-refractory gastrointestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (GI-aGvHD) (≥stage II) following haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 10 consecutive adult patients (age range, 19–61 years; mean age, 42 years) of a single centre with GI-aGvHD (≥stage II) who showed no response to intravenous methylprednisolone and received IASA into the superior (SMA) and/or inferior mesenteric arteries (IMA) were analysed. The severity of aGvHD was determined as the volume of diarrhoea (stages 0–IV) and the Glucksberg grading system before and 12±3 SD, 27±4 and 54±6 days after IASA treatment. Median follow-up was 65 days (range, 22–370 days). RESULTS: Six out of 10 patients at 12 days, 8/10 patients at 27 days, 6/10 patients at 54 days after IASA showed gastrointestinal response. Among them, 1/10 patients at 12 days, 4/10 patients at 27 days, and the same 4/10 patients at 54 days showed complete resolution of GI-aGvHD. The 4/10 patients who reached complete resolution of GI-aGvHD at day 12 or 27 showed a sustained symptom-free state. One in 10 patient showed only a temporary response, 5/10 patients died between days 22 and 67. CONCLUSIONS: IASA seems to be a potentially useful second-line therapy for intravenous steroid-refractory GI-aGvHD.

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JO - Clinical Radiology

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