Effect of various surface modifications of wood flour on the properties of PP/wood composites

Lívia Dányádi, J. Móczó, B. Pukánszky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

137 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four different approaches were used for the modification of interfacial interactions in polypropylene (PP)/wood flour composites. We compare the effect of maleated polypropylene (MAPP), two surfactants (stearic acid and cellulose palmitate) and the chemical modification of wood (benzylation) on interfacial adhesion, homogeneity, processability and water absorption. Interfacial adhesion and reinforcement improves upon the addition of a maleated polymer as expected. Non-reactive surface modification leads to a moderate decrease of interaction, while benzylation decreases interfacial adhesion quite considerably. MAPP does not influence any other property of interest; homogeneity, viscosity and water absorption remain practically unchanged independently of the amount of coupling agent used. Surfactants improve homogeneity and processability, while the chemical modification of wood by benzylation decreases water absorption significantly. The results clearly prove that the proper selection of the approach and level of surface modification may lead to considerable improvement in targeted properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-206
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

Fingerprint

Polypropylenes
Water absorption
Surface treatment
Wood
Adhesion
Chemical modification
Surface-Active Agents
Composite materials
Surface active agents
Stearic acid
Palmitates
Coupling agents
Cellulose
Reinforcement
Polymers
Viscosity

Keywords

  • A. Particle reinforcement
  • A. Polymer-matrix composites
  • A. Wood
  • E. Surface treatments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

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abstract = "Four different approaches were used for the modification of interfacial interactions in polypropylene (PP)/wood flour composites. We compare the effect of maleated polypropylene (MAPP), two surfactants (stearic acid and cellulose palmitate) and the chemical modification of wood (benzylation) on interfacial adhesion, homogeneity, processability and water absorption. Interfacial adhesion and reinforcement improves upon the addition of a maleated polymer as expected. Non-reactive surface modification leads to a moderate decrease of interaction, while benzylation decreases interfacial adhesion quite considerably. MAPP does not influence any other property of interest; homogeneity, viscosity and water absorption remain practically unchanged independently of the amount of coupling agent used. Surfactants improve homogeneity and processability, while the chemical modification of wood by benzylation decreases water absorption significantly. The results clearly prove that the proper selection of the approach and level of surface modification may lead to considerable improvement in targeted properties.",
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AU - Dányádi, Lívia

AU - Móczó, J.

AU - Pukánszky, B.

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Y1 - 2010/2

N2 - Four different approaches were used for the modification of interfacial interactions in polypropylene (PP)/wood flour composites. We compare the effect of maleated polypropylene (MAPP), two surfactants (stearic acid and cellulose palmitate) and the chemical modification of wood (benzylation) on interfacial adhesion, homogeneity, processability and water absorption. Interfacial adhesion and reinforcement improves upon the addition of a maleated polymer as expected. Non-reactive surface modification leads to a moderate decrease of interaction, while benzylation decreases interfacial adhesion quite considerably. MAPP does not influence any other property of interest; homogeneity, viscosity and water absorption remain practically unchanged independently of the amount of coupling agent used. Surfactants improve homogeneity and processability, while the chemical modification of wood by benzylation decreases water absorption significantly. The results clearly prove that the proper selection of the approach and level of surface modification may lead to considerable improvement in targeted properties.

AB - Four different approaches were used for the modification of interfacial interactions in polypropylene (PP)/wood flour composites. We compare the effect of maleated polypropylene (MAPP), two surfactants (stearic acid and cellulose palmitate) and the chemical modification of wood (benzylation) on interfacial adhesion, homogeneity, processability and water absorption. Interfacial adhesion and reinforcement improves upon the addition of a maleated polymer as expected. Non-reactive surface modification leads to a moderate decrease of interaction, while benzylation decreases interfacial adhesion quite considerably. MAPP does not influence any other property of interest; homogeneity, viscosity and water absorption remain practically unchanged independently of the amount of coupling agent used. Surfactants improve homogeneity and processability, while the chemical modification of wood by benzylation decreases water absorption significantly. The results clearly prove that the proper selection of the approach and level of surface modification may lead to considerable improvement in targeted properties.

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