Effect of the support on tin distribution in Pd-Sn/Al2O 3 and Pd-Sn/SiO2 catalysts for application in water denitration

Anthony Garron, Károly Lázár, Florence Epron

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83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reduction of nitrate to nitrogen is a key process for nitrate removal in water. Among others bimetallic, palladium tin catalysts are well suited for this purpose. In the present study Pd-Sn catalysts are used and characterized in the mentioned process. Alumina and silica supported catalysts were prepared by deposition of tin onto palladium particles by using controlled surface reaction. The accessibility of palladium and the amount of reducible tin are tested by O2/H2/O2 titration. The structural characterization is based on 119Sn Mössbauer spectroscopy, TEM, XRD, and catalytic performances are tested in nitrate and nitrite reductions at room temperature. Remarkably, the properties of Pd-Sn/Al2O 3 and Pd-Sn/SiO2 are different, although they were prepared according to the same procedure. Namely, the silica supported catalyst is more stable and selective, but is less active than the alumina supported one. This could be explained by the difference of (i) the interaction between the two metals and (ii) the affinity of tin with the support depending on the support used. The characterization results are interpreted with respect to the catalytic behavior of the materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-69
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume59
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 8 2005

Keywords

  • Bimetallic catalyst
  • Catalytic reduction in water
  • Pd-Sn catalysts
  • Sn Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • Support effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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