Effect of the removal of the Fallopian tube during hysterectomy on ovarian survival: The orphan ovary syndrome

Istvan Repasy, Viktor Lendvai, Agnes Koppan, Jozsef Bodis, Miklos Koppan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The objective was to assess the long-term impact on ovarian survival of removing the Fallopian tube during hysterectomy. Study design: We modified our standard operative policy by adding the option of removing the Fallopian tube, thus leaving an "orphan" ovary behind. In a follow-up study, we identified 82 patients who had undergone hysterectomy followed by a second operation for an adnexal condition. In 45 there was presence and in 37 there was absence of the Fallopian tube. Data analysis included the time interval between hysterectomy and the occurrence of adnexa-related complaints; diagnoses prior to and the type of the second surgery; histological diagnosis after and the success rate of the second surgery. For statistical analysis, Kruskal-Wallis One-Way ANOVA on Ranks and the Mann-Whitney Rank Sum Test were used. Results: In 35.5% of patients with an intact Fallopian tube, hydrosalpinx developed. Cystic degeneration of orphan ovaries occurred significantly earlier than that of the "regular" adnexae group (50.0 months vs. 84.2 months, p = 0.031). Laparotomy and laparoscopy for second surgery showed equal success rates. Conclusion: Removal of the Fallopian tube at abdominal hysterectomy decreases the incidence of the development of pelvic masses later, but causes earlier cystic degeneration of the remaining ovaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-67
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2009


  • Abdominal hysterectomy
  • Hydrosalpinx
  • Ovarian cyst
  • Retained ovaries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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