Effect of Spherical Aberration on the Optical Quality after Implantation of Two Different Aspherical Intraocular Lenses

Michael Lasta, Kata Miháltz, I. Kovács, Pia Veronika Vécsei-Marlovits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose. To compare the effect of spherical aberration on optical quality in eyes with two different aspherical intraocular lenses. Methods. 120 eyes of 60 patients underwent phacoemulsification. In patients' eyes, an aberration-free IOL (Aspira-aA; Human Optics) or an aberration-correcting aspherical IOL (Tecnis ZCB00; Abott Medical Optics) was randomly implanted. After surgery, contrast sensitivity and wavefront measurements as well as tilt and decentration measurements were performed. Results. Contrast sensitivity was significantly higher in eyes with Aspira lens under mesopic conditions with 12 cycles per degree (CPD) and under photopic conditions with 18 CPD (p=0.02). Wavefront measurements showed a higher total spherical aberration with a minimal pupil size of 4 mm in the Aspira group (0.05 ± 0.03) than in the Tecnis group (0.03 ± 0.02) (p=0.001). Strehl ratio was higher in eyes with Tecnis (0.28 ± 0.17) with a minimal pupil size larger than 5 mm than that with Aspira (0.16 ± 0.14) (p=0.04). In pupils with a minimum diameter of 4 mm spherical aberration had a significant effect on Strehl ratio, but not in pupils with a diameter less than 4 mm. Conclusions. Optical quality was better in eyes with the aberration-correcting Tecnis IOL when pupils were large. In contrast, this could not be shown in eyes with pupils under 4 mm or larger.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8039719
JournalJournal of Ophthalmology
Volume2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

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Intraocular Lenses
Pupil
Contrast Sensitivity
Phacoemulsification
Lenses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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Effect of Spherical Aberration on the Optical Quality after Implantation of Two Different Aspherical Intraocular Lenses. / Lasta, Michael; Miháltz, Kata; Kovács, I.; Vécsei-Marlovits, Pia Veronika.

In: Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 2017, 8039719, 01.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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