Effect of solubility and nucleating duality of N,N′-Dicyclohexyl-2,6- naphthalenedicarboxamide on the supermolecular structure of isotactic polypropylene

József Varga, Alfréd Menyhárd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

256 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

N,N′-Dicyclohexyl-2,6-naphthalenedicarboxamide (NJS) is an efficient nucleating agent to prepare isotactic polypropylene (iPP) samples rich in the β-modification (β-iPP). However, NJS is not a selective β-nucleating agent, as the related samples always contain both α and β modification of iPP. Depending on the final temperature of heating (Tf), NJS may be partially or completely dissolved in the iPP melt. The dual nucleation ability of NJS was studied by polarized light microscopy (PLM) and calorimetry (DSC). It was established that the lateral surface of the needle crystals of NJS acts as α-nucleating agent. Because of the solubility and dual nucleating ability of NJS, a wide variety of supermolecular structures may form in its presence. The feature of the structure formed during the crystallization of iPP depends on the concentration of the nucleating agent, on the end temperature of heating, and on the thermal conditions during cooling and crystallization. In this study we observed an αβ- transcrystalline layer development on the lateral surface of the needle crystals of NJS, dendritic and microcrystalline structures, and a spectacular "flower"-like agglomerate of β- and α-crystallites. A model was proposed to explain the dual nucleating effect of NJS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2422-2431
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecules
Volume40
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 3 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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