Vágóhídi hulladékok hatása a növények elemtartalmára karbonátos homoktalajon

Translated title of the contribution: Effect of slaughterhouse wastes on the element contents of plants on calcareous sandy soil

I. Kádár, Péter Ragályi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of various qualities of compost and of meat meal on the yields of sweet-corn, mustard and triticale was examined on a calcareous sandy soil at the Orbottyán Experimental Station of RISSAC. The heterogeneous soil contained 0-8% CaCO3 and 1.0-1.5% humus. The humus layer had a thickness of 60-80 cm, with a pH(H2O) of 6.8-7.5, or pH(KCl) of 6.3-7.3. The clay fraction amounted to 10-15%. The soil was moderately supplied with phosphorus and poorly with nitrogen and potassium. The experiments were set up in a random block design in 2002 and 2003, each with five treatments in four replications, giving a total of 20 plots, measuring 5×8 = 40 m2, in each year. At the start of the experiment rates of 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 tha -1 fresh compost or 0, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 tha-1 meat meal were applied. In the following years the carry-over effects of the composts and meat meal were recorded. The indicator plants were sweetcorn in 2002, mustard in 2003 and triticale from 2004 to 2010. Significant effects on the composition of the plants were only detected up to 2004, so the results obtained in later years are not presented. In the dry year of 2002, nutrients accumulated in sweetcorn even on the untreated soil, i.e. the "concentration" effect was manifested. In response to treatment with mature slaughterhouse waste compost an increase was observed in the N, K, S, NO3-N, Zn, Mo and Cd concentrations in the vegetative organs, while the contents of Mg, Mn and Ba diminished. In the 2nd year the quantities of S and Na in the by-products of mustard rose. In the 3rd year there was a decrease in the Na content of the triticale straw and grain yields, while the Mo content increased. Unmatured compost stimulated the uptake of N, K, S, NO3-N, Na and Zn, while it inhibited the accumulation of Mg and Mo in sweetcorn. The stimulating effect on Sr and Na and the inhibitory effect on Mo and Cd could also be detected in mustard seed. In triticale the incorporation of Ca, Mg, Na and Sr declined, while that of Cu rose with the application rate. All in all, semi-matured compost had a similar effect on mustard. In triticale the uptake of N, K, S, Zn and Fe was stimulated, while that of Mg was inhibited. In response to meat meal application, there was a distinct accumulation of N, S and Na, while the quantities of P, Fe, Ni, Cr, Pb and Mo declined in the by-products of mustard. It seems that the calcium phosphate component of the bones failed to become available, which may have inhibited the uptake of P and of certain heavy metals from the meal or from the soil. The incorporation of S and Na into the seed yield was enhanced, while that of Mo declined as the application rate rose. There were significant increases in the contents of N and K in triticale straw and of N and S in the grain. The rapid mineralization of meat meal led to losses of up to 1 tha-1 N over the three years (leaching in the form of NO3-N or escaping into the atmosphere in the form of NH 3-N). The approx. 13% fat content of the meal did not inhibit mineralization on the given soil. The maximum quantity of fat entering the soil could have been as much as 2.6 tha-1. Differences of several orders of magnitude were observed in the mean composition of the crops. Mustard seeds accumulated the most N, P, S and Zn. The concentrations of As, Hg, Se and Pb were below the detection limit in all plant organs. In summary, the extensive use of mature, sterilized slaughterhouse compost can be recommended on crop fields. Due to their composition and efficiency they can be expected to increase soil fertility considerably, especially in the case of acidic sand.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)165-182
Number of pages18
JournalAgrokemia es Talajtan
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2012

Fingerprint

slaughterhouse wastes
meat meal
calcareous soil
triticale
calcareous soils
sandy soil
sandy soils
compost
composts
sweetcorn
meat
mustard (condiment)
mustard seed
soil
Rosa
uptake mechanisms
humus
application rate
byproducts
seed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Vágóhídi hulladékok hatása a növények elemtartalmára karbonátos homoktalajon. / Kádár, I.; Ragályi, Péter.

In: Agrokemia es Talajtan, Vol. 61, No. 1, 01.06.2012, p. 165-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5c8500191edc4e74889490f28d9cfe05,
title = "V{\'a}g{\'o}h{\'i}di hullad{\'e}kok hat{\'a}sa a n{\"o}v{\'e}nyek elemtartalm{\'a}ra karbon{\'a}tos homoktalajon",
abstract = "The effect of various qualities of compost and of meat meal on the yields of sweet-corn, mustard and triticale was examined on a calcareous sandy soil at the Orbotty{\'a}n Experimental Station of RISSAC. The heterogeneous soil contained 0-8{\%} CaCO3 and 1.0-1.5{\%} humus. The humus layer had a thickness of 60-80 cm, with a pH(H2O) of 6.8-7.5, or pH(KCl) of 6.3-7.3. The clay fraction amounted to 10-15{\%}. The soil was moderately supplied with phosphorus and poorly with nitrogen and potassium. The experiments were set up in a random block design in 2002 and 2003, each with five treatments in four replications, giving a total of 20 plots, measuring 5×8 = 40 m2, in each year. At the start of the experiment rates of 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 tha -1 fresh compost or 0, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 tha-1 meat meal were applied. In the following years the carry-over effects of the composts and meat meal were recorded. The indicator plants were sweetcorn in 2002, mustard in 2003 and triticale from 2004 to 2010. Significant effects on the composition of the plants were only detected up to 2004, so the results obtained in later years are not presented. In the dry year of 2002, nutrients accumulated in sweetcorn even on the untreated soil, i.e. the {"}concentration{"} effect was manifested. In response to treatment with mature slaughterhouse waste compost an increase was observed in the N, K, S, NO3-N, Zn, Mo and Cd concentrations in the vegetative organs, while the contents of Mg, Mn and Ba diminished. In the 2nd year the quantities of S and Na in the by-products of mustard rose. In the 3rd year there was a decrease in the Na content of the triticale straw and grain yields, while the Mo content increased. Unmatured compost stimulated the uptake of N, K, S, NO3-N, Na and Zn, while it inhibited the accumulation of Mg and Mo in sweetcorn. The stimulating effect on Sr and Na and the inhibitory effect on Mo and Cd could also be detected in mustard seed. In triticale the incorporation of Ca, Mg, Na and Sr declined, while that of Cu rose with the application rate. All in all, semi-matured compost had a similar effect on mustard. In triticale the uptake of N, K, S, Zn and Fe was stimulated, while that of Mg was inhibited. In response to meat meal application, there was a distinct accumulation of N, S and Na, while the quantities of P, Fe, Ni, Cr, Pb and Mo declined in the by-products of mustard. It seems that the calcium phosphate component of the bones failed to become available, which may have inhibited the uptake of P and of certain heavy metals from the meal or from the soil. The incorporation of S and Na into the seed yield was enhanced, while that of Mo declined as the application rate rose. There were significant increases in the contents of N and K in triticale straw and of N and S in the grain. The rapid mineralization of meat meal led to losses of up to 1 tha-1 N over the three years (leaching in the form of NO3-N or escaping into the atmosphere in the form of NH 3-N). The approx. 13{\%} fat content of the meal did not inhibit mineralization on the given soil. The maximum quantity of fat entering the soil could have been as much as 2.6 tha-1. Differences of several orders of magnitude were observed in the mean composition of the crops. Mustard seeds accumulated the most N, P, S and Zn. The concentrations of As, Hg, Se and Pb were below the detection limit in all plant organs. In summary, the extensive use of mature, sterilized slaughterhouse compost can be recommended on crop fields. Due to their composition and efficiency they can be expected to increase soil fertility considerably, especially in the case of acidic sand.",
keywords = "karbon{\'a}tos homoktalaj, n{\"o}v{\'e}nyek {\"o}sszet{\'e}tele, v{\'a}g{\'o}h{\'i}di hullad{\'e}kok",
author = "I. K{\'a}d{\'a}r and P{\'e}ter Rag{\'a}lyi",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1556/Agrokem.60.2012.1.12",
language = "Hungarian",
volume = "61",
pages = "165--182",
journal = "Agrokemia es Talajtan",
issn = "0002-1873",
publisher = "Akademiai Kiado",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vágóhídi hulladékok hatása a növények elemtartalmára karbonátos homoktalajon

AU - Kádár, I.

AU - Ragályi, Péter

PY - 2012/6/1

Y1 - 2012/6/1

N2 - The effect of various qualities of compost and of meat meal on the yields of sweet-corn, mustard and triticale was examined on a calcareous sandy soil at the Orbottyán Experimental Station of RISSAC. The heterogeneous soil contained 0-8% CaCO3 and 1.0-1.5% humus. The humus layer had a thickness of 60-80 cm, with a pH(H2O) of 6.8-7.5, or pH(KCl) of 6.3-7.3. The clay fraction amounted to 10-15%. The soil was moderately supplied with phosphorus and poorly with nitrogen and potassium. The experiments were set up in a random block design in 2002 and 2003, each with five treatments in four replications, giving a total of 20 plots, measuring 5×8 = 40 m2, in each year. At the start of the experiment rates of 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 tha -1 fresh compost or 0, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 tha-1 meat meal were applied. In the following years the carry-over effects of the composts and meat meal were recorded. The indicator plants were sweetcorn in 2002, mustard in 2003 and triticale from 2004 to 2010. Significant effects on the composition of the plants were only detected up to 2004, so the results obtained in later years are not presented. In the dry year of 2002, nutrients accumulated in sweetcorn even on the untreated soil, i.e. the "concentration" effect was manifested. In response to treatment with mature slaughterhouse waste compost an increase was observed in the N, K, S, NO3-N, Zn, Mo and Cd concentrations in the vegetative organs, while the contents of Mg, Mn and Ba diminished. In the 2nd year the quantities of S and Na in the by-products of mustard rose. In the 3rd year there was a decrease in the Na content of the triticale straw and grain yields, while the Mo content increased. Unmatured compost stimulated the uptake of N, K, S, NO3-N, Na and Zn, while it inhibited the accumulation of Mg and Mo in sweetcorn. The stimulating effect on Sr and Na and the inhibitory effect on Mo and Cd could also be detected in mustard seed. In triticale the incorporation of Ca, Mg, Na and Sr declined, while that of Cu rose with the application rate. All in all, semi-matured compost had a similar effect on mustard. In triticale the uptake of N, K, S, Zn and Fe was stimulated, while that of Mg was inhibited. In response to meat meal application, there was a distinct accumulation of N, S and Na, while the quantities of P, Fe, Ni, Cr, Pb and Mo declined in the by-products of mustard. It seems that the calcium phosphate component of the bones failed to become available, which may have inhibited the uptake of P and of certain heavy metals from the meal or from the soil. The incorporation of S and Na into the seed yield was enhanced, while that of Mo declined as the application rate rose. There were significant increases in the contents of N and K in triticale straw and of N and S in the grain. The rapid mineralization of meat meal led to losses of up to 1 tha-1 N over the three years (leaching in the form of NO3-N or escaping into the atmosphere in the form of NH 3-N). The approx. 13% fat content of the meal did not inhibit mineralization on the given soil. The maximum quantity of fat entering the soil could have been as much as 2.6 tha-1. Differences of several orders of magnitude were observed in the mean composition of the crops. Mustard seeds accumulated the most N, P, S and Zn. The concentrations of As, Hg, Se and Pb were below the detection limit in all plant organs. In summary, the extensive use of mature, sterilized slaughterhouse compost can be recommended on crop fields. Due to their composition and efficiency they can be expected to increase soil fertility considerably, especially in the case of acidic sand.

AB - The effect of various qualities of compost and of meat meal on the yields of sweet-corn, mustard and triticale was examined on a calcareous sandy soil at the Orbottyán Experimental Station of RISSAC. The heterogeneous soil contained 0-8% CaCO3 and 1.0-1.5% humus. The humus layer had a thickness of 60-80 cm, with a pH(H2O) of 6.8-7.5, or pH(KCl) of 6.3-7.3. The clay fraction amounted to 10-15%. The soil was moderately supplied with phosphorus and poorly with nitrogen and potassium. The experiments were set up in a random block design in 2002 and 2003, each with five treatments in four replications, giving a total of 20 plots, measuring 5×8 = 40 m2, in each year. At the start of the experiment rates of 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 tha -1 fresh compost or 0, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 tha-1 meat meal were applied. In the following years the carry-over effects of the composts and meat meal were recorded. The indicator plants were sweetcorn in 2002, mustard in 2003 and triticale from 2004 to 2010. Significant effects on the composition of the plants were only detected up to 2004, so the results obtained in later years are not presented. In the dry year of 2002, nutrients accumulated in sweetcorn even on the untreated soil, i.e. the "concentration" effect was manifested. In response to treatment with mature slaughterhouse waste compost an increase was observed in the N, K, S, NO3-N, Zn, Mo and Cd concentrations in the vegetative organs, while the contents of Mg, Mn and Ba diminished. In the 2nd year the quantities of S and Na in the by-products of mustard rose. In the 3rd year there was a decrease in the Na content of the triticale straw and grain yields, while the Mo content increased. Unmatured compost stimulated the uptake of N, K, S, NO3-N, Na and Zn, while it inhibited the accumulation of Mg and Mo in sweetcorn. The stimulating effect on Sr and Na and the inhibitory effect on Mo and Cd could also be detected in mustard seed. In triticale the incorporation of Ca, Mg, Na and Sr declined, while that of Cu rose with the application rate. All in all, semi-matured compost had a similar effect on mustard. In triticale the uptake of N, K, S, Zn and Fe was stimulated, while that of Mg was inhibited. In response to meat meal application, there was a distinct accumulation of N, S and Na, while the quantities of P, Fe, Ni, Cr, Pb and Mo declined in the by-products of mustard. It seems that the calcium phosphate component of the bones failed to become available, which may have inhibited the uptake of P and of certain heavy metals from the meal or from the soil. The incorporation of S and Na into the seed yield was enhanced, while that of Mo declined as the application rate rose. There were significant increases in the contents of N and K in triticale straw and of N and S in the grain. The rapid mineralization of meat meal led to losses of up to 1 tha-1 N over the three years (leaching in the form of NO3-N or escaping into the atmosphere in the form of NH 3-N). The approx. 13% fat content of the meal did not inhibit mineralization on the given soil. The maximum quantity of fat entering the soil could have been as much as 2.6 tha-1. Differences of several orders of magnitude were observed in the mean composition of the crops. Mustard seeds accumulated the most N, P, S and Zn. The concentrations of As, Hg, Se and Pb were below the detection limit in all plant organs. In summary, the extensive use of mature, sterilized slaughterhouse compost can be recommended on crop fields. Due to their composition and efficiency they can be expected to increase soil fertility considerably, especially in the case of acidic sand.

KW - karbonátos homoktalaj

KW - növények összetétele

KW - vágóhídi hulladékok

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84861640213&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84861640213&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1556/Agrokem.60.2012.1.12

DO - 10.1556/Agrokem.60.2012.1.12

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84861640213

VL - 61

SP - 165

EP - 182

JO - Agrokemia es Talajtan

JF - Agrokemia es Talajtan

SN - 0002-1873

IS - 1

ER -