Effect of serotonin-acting agents on the serotonin content of immune cells. A peculiar observation

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Abstract

The effect of the tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor, PCPA methylester, the serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine and MAO-A inhibitor clorgyline on the serotonin content of rat immune cells was studied, using labelled antibodies and flow cytometry. Each molecule significantly increased in males the serotonin concentration of peritoneal lymphocytes and the monocyte-macrophage-granulocyte group (mo-gran), however the agents were ineffective towards mast cells. In females fluoxetine and clorgyline increased the serotonin concentration in peritoneal lymphocytes and mo-gran. Fluoxetine also increased the serotonin level in mast cells. Thymus was absolutely resistant to the drugs in both genders. The results call attention (1) to the reverse effect of serotonin-acting agents on immune cells, (2) to the influence of the milieu where the cell is located and (3) the effect of gender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-583
Number of pages3
JournalCell biochemistry and function
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Enzyme inhibitors
  • Gender
  • Immunity
  • Reverse effect
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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