Effect of preparation conditions on nanostructural features of the NAFION® type perfluorinated proton conducting membranes

Yu V. Kul'Velis, V. T. Lebedev, V. A. Trunov, O. N. Primachenko, S. Ya Khaikin, D. Torok, S. S. Ivanchev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Features of the fine structure of three samples of perfluorinated Nafion® type membranes - Nafion-115, its Russian analogue MF-4SK, and a new similar material PFM-E produced according to our novel water-emulsion technique - have been characterized using the small-angle neutron scattering technique. A difference in the regularity of common elements of fine structure (cylindrical channels) in the membranes has been revealed. Nafion-115 has the most regular structure with a diffraction peak corresponding to the double channel diameter and an additional broad maximum in the scattering curve indicating a long-range order in the arrangement of straight cylindrical channels. For MF-4SK, in addition, twisted and less ordered channels have been observed. In the PFM-E sample channels have a tortuous and branched structure with diameters similar to Nafion-115. Only a short-range order (40-50 Å) in the arrangement of the channels has been detected, and correlation in their mutual orientation at longer distances is weakened. It has been supposed that the observed branched structure of the channels promotes an increase in water content and an improvement in proton conductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-570
Number of pages6
JournalPetroleum Chemistry
Volume52
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • perfluorinated membranes
  • proton conductivity
  • small-angle neutron scattering
  • structure
  • water content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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  • Cite this

    Kul'Velis, Y. V., Lebedev, V. T., Trunov, V. A., Primachenko, O. N., Khaikin, S. Y., Torok, D., & Ivanchev, S. S. (2012). Effect of preparation conditions on nanostructural features of the NAFION® type perfluorinated proton conducting membranes. Petroleum Chemistry, 52(8), 565-570. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0965544112080105