Effect of particle size on the surface properties and morphology of ground flax

E. Csiszár, E. Fekete, A. Tóth, É Bandi, B. Koczka, I. Sajó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flax fibers were ground with a ball-mill and four fractions with different size ranges were collected by sieving. These were tested for water sorption, degree of polymerization (DP), copper number, hydroxyl number and analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and inverse gas chromatography (IGC). Significant differences were found between the properties of the flax fiber and those of the ground versions, including fragmentation of fibers, increase of water sorption, copper number, hydroxyl number and surface O/C ratio, and decrease of DP, crystallite size and dispersive component of surface energy (γsd). Some parameters depended on the particle size: O/C ratio and hydroxyl number had local maxima at 315-630 μm, while γsd increased steadily with the decrease of particle size. These relationships were explained by fiber disintegration, destruction of waxy surface layer, exposure of cellulosic components, increase of surface area and crystalline imperfections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-933
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume94
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2013

Fingerprint

Flax
Surface properties
Surface morphology
Particle size
Hydroxyl Radical
Fibers
Sorption
Copper
Polymerization
Ball mills
Water
Disintegration
Crystallite size
Interfacial energy
Gas chromatography
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Crystalline materials
X ray diffraction
Defects
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Crystallite size
  • Flax
  • Grinding
  • Inverse gas chromatography
  • Morphology
  • Surface composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Effect of particle size on the surface properties and morphology of ground flax. / Csiszár, E.; Fekete, E.; Tóth, A.; Bandi, É; Koczka, B.; Sajó, I.

In: Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 94, No. 2, 15.05.2013, p. 927-933.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Sajó, I.

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