Effect of particle size on the surface properties and morphology of ground flax

E. Csiszár, E. Fekete, A. Tóth, É Bandi, B. Koczka, I. Sajó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


Flax fibers were ground with a ball-mill and four fractions with different size ranges were collected by sieving. These were tested for water sorption, degree of polymerization (DP), copper number, hydroxyl number and analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and inverse gas chromatography (IGC). Significant differences were found between the properties of the flax fiber and those of the ground versions, including fragmentation of fibers, increase of water sorption, copper number, hydroxyl number and surface O/C ratio, and decrease of DP, crystallite size and dispersive component of surface energy (γsd). Some parameters depended on the particle size: O/C ratio and hydroxyl number had local maxima at 315-630 μm, while γsd increased steadily with the decrease of particle size. These relationships were explained by fiber disintegration, destruction of waxy surface layer, exposure of cellulosic components, increase of surface area and crystalline imperfections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-933
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2013


  • Crystallite size
  • Flax
  • Grinding
  • Inverse gas chromatography
  • Morphology
  • Surface composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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