Effect of nondynamical electron correlation on the geometries of conjugated π-systems

Géza Fogarasi, Ruifeng Liu, Peter Pulay

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The UNO-CAS method, a computationally efficient approximation to CAS-SCF, has been applied to calculate completely optimized geometries for a variety of conjugated π-systems. The study includes all-trans-polyenes up to C12, molecules with heteroconjugation, with triple bonds and aromatics. Relative to SCF values, the bond lengths of multiple bonds are increased by 0.02-0.03 Å, with a simultaneous smaller shortening of the single bonds (∼0.005 Å). The strong dependence of the geometry on electron correlation shows the importance of the latter for potential surface studies. Except for one case, glyoxal, the correlation is largely nondynamical rather than dynamical and can be well reproduced by UNO-CAS. Changes in the nature of conjugation in polyenes are close to convergence in dodecahexaene. The experimental geometries of some benzene derivatives and naphthalene are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4036-4043
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of physical chemistry
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1993


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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