Effect of NH4Cl acidosis on the function of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in newborn infants

K. Adamovich, E. Sulyok, T. Jaton, J. P. Guignard

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The present study was undertaken to assess the influence of acute metabolic acidosis on the activity of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and renal function in a group of seven one-week-old neonates with mean birth weight of 2164 g (range: 1300-3750 g) and mean gestational age of 34 weeks (range: 28-40 weeks) undergoing oral NH4Cl load. NH4Cl was given in a dose of 2.8 mEq/kg to evaluate renal acidification. Prior to and following NH4Cl administration blood acid-base parameters, plasma urinary electrolytes, creatinine and aldosterone concentration as well as plasma renin activity, glomerular filtration rate, urine flow rate and net acid secretion were measured. NH4Cl administration significantly depressed blood pH (P < 0.05), total CO2 content (P < 0.01) and base excess (P < 0.01) and resulted in a significant elevation of plasma potassium concentration (P < 0.05). Furthermore, NH4Cl ingestion significantly increased urine flow rate, sodium, chloride and net acid excretion. In response to NH4Cl acidosis no consistent change in plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone concentration could be detected. There was, however, an about 50% increase in urinary aldosterone excretion from the control value of 4.1 ± 1.2 μg/day to 6.8 ± 2.3 μg/day (P < 0.05) after NH4Cl administration. These data suggest that the responsiveness of neonatal adrenals to stimulation by metabolic acidosis is blunted, acidosis therefore, may play a minor role in the neonatal hyperfunction of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-12
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Developmental Physiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Physiology

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