Lentinan, an immunopotentiating polysaccharide, stimulates the production of chemiluminescence (CL) by human neutrophils and the murine macrophage cell line C4Mφ. The CL enhancing effect of lentinan opsonized in human serum is greater than that of lentinan itself. Lentinan's stimulation of neutrophil CL was increased by 1 2 when opsonized in human serum inactivated at 56°C to remove complement, while the CL was increased two fold by lentinan opsonized in whole serum. This indicates that C3b and immunoglobulin contribute separate signals in the activation process mediated by opsonized lentinan. The distinct roles of the C3b and Fc receptors was further illuminated by the finding that an Fc receptor-negative cell line was unresponsive to lentinan opsonized in heat inactivated serum (56°C), whereas it exhibited a five fold increase in CL in response to lentinan opsonized in serum containing complement. Lentinan in an opsonized form can stimulate the production of CL via C3b and Fc receptors. This mechanism may be considered as one mode of action of lentinan and other similar immunopotentiating and antitumour glucan-type polysaccharides.
ASJC Scopus subject areas