Increased activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) enzyme has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic myocardial dysfunction. We have demonstrated the protective effect of PARP inhibitors against postinfarction myocardial remodeling and heart failure. The primary aim of our recent work was to compare the effect and efficacy of a potent PARP-inhibitor (L-2286) to enalapril, a widely used angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. in experimental heart failure model. Both L-2286 and enalapril were tested in a rat model of chronic heart failure after isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction. After a 12-week treatment period, echocardiography was performed, cardiac hypertrophy and interstitial collagen deposition were assessed, and the phosphorylation state of Akt-1/GSK-3β pathway as well as the PKC and MAPK kinases were determined. Both PARP and ACE inhibition reduced the progression of postinfarction heart failure by attenuating cardiac hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis. More importantly, PARP inhibition increased the activity of the prosurvival signal transduction factors (Akt-1/GSK-3β pathway, PKCϵ). Due to these effects, L-2286 improved the systolic left ventricular function. Enalapril treatment exerted a similar, but weaker protective effect against postinfarction myocardial remodeling and heart failure. In conclusion, we demonstrated in an experimental heart failure model that L-2286 decreased the postinfarction myocardial remodeling more effectively than enalapril treatment.
- Ace inhibition
- Intracellular signaling
- Parp inhibition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine