Effect of IBD sera on expression of inducible and endothelial nitric oxide synthase in human umbilical vein endothelial cells

Károly Palatka, Zoltán Serfozo, Zoltán Veréb, Róbert Bátori, Beáta Lontay, Zoltán Hargitay, Zoltán Nemes, Miklós Urvardy, Ferenc Erdodi, István Altorjay

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To study the expression of endothelial and inducible nitric oxide synthases (eNOS and iNOS) and their role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: We examined the effect of sera obtained from patients with active Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) on the function and viability of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). HUVECs were cultured for 0-48 h in the presence of a medium containing pooled serum of healthy controls, or serum from patients with active CD or UC. Expression of eNOS and iNOS was visualized by immunofluorescence, and quantified by the densitometry of Western blots. Proliferation activity was assessed by computerized image analyses of Ki-67 immunoreactive cells, and also tested in the presence of the NOS inhibitor, 10-4 mol/ L L-NAME. Apoptosis and necrosis was examined by the annexin-V-biotin method and by propidium iodide staining, respectively. Results: In HUVE C immediately after exposure to UC, serum eNOS was markedly induced, reaching a peak at 12 h. In contrast, a decrease in eNOS was observed after incubation with CD sera and the eNOS level was minimal at 20 h compared to control (18%±16% vs 23%±15% P<0.01). UC or CD serum caused a significant increase in iNOS compared to control (UC: 300%±21%; CD: 275%±27% vs 108%±14%, P<0.01). Apoptosis/necrosis characteristics did not differ significantly in either experiment. Increased proliferation activity was detected in the presence of CD serum or after treatment with L-NAME. Cultures showed tube-like formations after 24 h treatment with CD serum. Conclusion: IBD sera evoked changes in the ratio of eNOS/iNOS, whereas did not influence the viability of HUVEC. These involved down-regulation of eNOS and up-regulation of iNOS simultaneously, leading to increased proliferation activity and possibly a reduced anti-inflammatory protection of endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1730-1738
Number of pages9
JournalWorld journal of gastroenterology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Mar 21 2006


  • Crohn's disease
  • Human umbilical vein endothelial cells
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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