Effect of glibenclamide and glimepiride treatment on the development of myocardial infarction in rats

Nasruddin E. El-Reyani, I. Baczkó, I. Leprán, J. Gy Papp

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Abstract

The effect of glibenclamide and glimepiride, two orally active antidiabetic sulphonylurea derivatives, on the development of myocardial infarction has been compared. Permanent coronary artery ligation was induced in rats and the development of infarction was evaluated by a computer-assisted method after nitroblue-terazolium staining. Seven-day coronary ligation produced enlargement of the left ventricular cavity, scar thinning and thickening of the non-infarcted myocardium. Glibenclamide treatment (5 mg/kg b.i.d, intraperitoneally) decreased the infarct volume (29.1±3.5% vs. 39.1±3.2% in controls), that occurred primarily as a result of more significant thinning of the scar tissue (1.6±0.04 mm vs. 2.0 ±0.13 mm in controls). Glibenclamide also inhibited the thickening of the non-infarcted ventricular septum (2.1±0.10 mm vs. 2.9±0.10 mm in controls). In contrast to the effects of glibenclamide, glimepiride treatment (5 mg/kg b.i.d, intraperitoneally) inhibited the enlargement of the left ventricular cavity (15.2±.1% vs. 19.9±1.2% of the left ventricular volume in controls), it did not precipitate scar thinning and did not influence the development of hypertrophy of the non-infarcted myocardium. These results suggest that glimepiride treatment might inhibit the development of left ventricular dilatation after myocardial infarction. Glibenclamide treatment, however, producing a thinning of the scar tissue may further precipitate morphological changes that can contribute to the development of heart failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-184
Number of pages12
JournalActa physiologica Hungarica
Volume87
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2000

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Keywords

  • Glibenclamide
  • Glimepiride
  • Myocardial infarct size
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)

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