Effect of fillers on the fire retardancy of intumescent polypropylene compounds

X. Almeras, M. Le Bras, P. Hornsby, S. Bourbigot, Gy Marosi, S. Keszei, F. Poutch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

211 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of fillers (talc and calcium carbonate) were investigated on polypropylene /ammonium polyphosphate/polyamide-6 (PP/APP/PA-6) intumescent system by using mechanical testing, LOI method, cone calorimetry and thermoanalytical techniques. Calcium carbonate and talc affect the fire protective properties of PP/APP/PA-6 system in different ways. It is shown that talc induces an increase in the Young's modulus and a decrease in the elongation at break. Calcium carbonate leads to a decrease in the elongation at break, but there is no improvement in the Young's modulus. Talc increases fire protective performance due to forming a ceramic like protective shield at the surface, whereas calcium carbonate decreases it because of a reaction with APP. Effects of talc and calcium carbonate were furthermore investigated on PP/APP/PA-6 system by measuring Rate of Heat Release (RHR), Total Heat Emitted (THE), CO/CO2 evolution and residual mass. Results are interpreted by means of decomposition, chemical reaction between components and formation of a protective shield at the surface at ignition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-331
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 21 2003


  • Ammonium polyphosphate
  • Cone calorimetry
  • Fire retardancy
  • Intumescence
  • Polyamide-6
  • Polypropylene
  • Talc and CaCO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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