Effect of feeding program before weaning on the production of rabbit does and their kits

Zs Gerencsér, Zs Matics, I. Nagy, Z. Szendrő

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the experiment was to analyse the effect of the feeding program between 21 days post partum (dpp) to weaning (35 dpp) on the production of rabbit does and their kits. The does were randomly housed in 2 rooms. In the 1 st room, a continuous 16 h light period was applied (16L; n60). In the 2 nd room, an 8 h light period was used which was extended by an additional 1 h light period in the middle of the 16 h long dark period 8 d prior to insemination (8+1L; n59). In both rooms, 2 sub-groups were formed: in the 1 st subgroup, does and their kits received breeding pellet from parturition to weaning (digestible energy: 10.4 MJ digestible energy/kg, crude protein: 17.8%, crude fibre: 13.6%; BB group; n60 does, 228 parturitions); in the 2 nd sub-group, the breeding pellet was replaced by growing pellet from 21 dpp to weaning (digestible energy: 9.7 MJ digestible energy/kg, crude protein: 16.0%, crude fibre: 17.2%; BG group; n59 does, 234 parturitions). The experiment was completed after 5 reproductive cycles. As no significant interaction was found between the lighting and feeding programmes, the 2 effects are evaluated separately. In this paper, the effect of feeding program Is discussed. No significant differences were observed between the BB and BG groups for number of inseminations per parturition, body weight of the does measured at parturition and at 21 dpp or for litter size. Changing the pellet in BG group significantly affected the body weight of the does measured at 35 dpp (4610 vs. 4530 g, in BB and BG, respectively; P0.016), the litter and individual body weight of the kits at 35 dpp (8160 vs. 7834 g and 1006 vs. 964 g for BB and BG, respectively; P≤0.001) and the does' condition at kindling, as measured by the TOBEC method (E-value: 1922 vs. 1957 for BB and BG, respectively; P0.024). Productivity indexes, expressed as number of kits bom alive, number of weaned (at 35 dpp) kits and total weight of the weaned kits per year per doe were similar in the 2 groups. Body weight of the growing rabbits was significantly higher in the BB group at the ages of 5 and 7 wk (984 and 937 g, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-223
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Rabbit Science
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

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digestible energy
weaning
rabbits
parturition
pellets
photophase
body weight
crude fiber
insemination
crude protein
breeding
scotophase
litters (young animals)
litter size
lighting
methodology

Keywords

  • Feeding program
  • Growing rabbits
  • Productive performance
  • Rabbit does
  • Reproduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Effect of feeding program before weaning on the production of rabbit does and their kits. / Gerencsér, Zs; Matics, Zs; Nagy, I.; Szendrő, Z.

In: World Rabbit Science, Vol. 19, No. 4, 10.2011, p. 217-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gerencsér, Zs ; Matics, Zs ; Nagy, I. ; Szendrő, Z. / Effect of feeding program before weaning on the production of rabbit does and their kits. In: World Rabbit Science. 2011 ; Vol. 19, No. 4. pp. 217-223.
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