Effect of extra-framework Al formed by successive steaming and acid leaching of zeolite MCM-22 on its structure and catalytic performance

R. M. Mihályi, M. Kollár, P. Király, Z. Karoly, V. Mavrodinova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dealuminated MCM-22 samples have been prepared by a two-step dealumination procedure. Detailed assessment of the properties of the materials obtained at each one of the successive stages, i.e. steaming (at 500 °C, 700 °C and 800 °C) and acid reflux (HCl and oxalic), has been made by XRD, N 2 adsorption-desorption, m-xylene adsorption, 27Al MAS NMR and FT-IR of pyridine adsorption. It was found that steaming generates extra-framework aluminum (EFAl) species and the majority of them cannot be extracted by the consecutive acid leaching. These extra-lattice entities block the zeolite micropores which makes the remaining Broensted acid sites isolated and inefficient. It is shown that the presence of such species vastly affects the catalytic performance of zeolite MCM-22 in the reaction of m-xylene conversion. The consequences are reduced adsorption capacity and catalytic activity, modified reaction products distribution, enhanced p-xylene selectivity, as well as altered mode of coke formation and composition of the coke precursors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-86
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume417-418
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 29 2012

Fingerprint

Zeolites
Multicarrier modulation
Leaching
Xylene
Adsorption
Acids
Coke
Aluminum
Reaction products
Pyridine
Catalyst activity
Desorption
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Chemical analysis
3-xylene

Keywords

  • Coke formation
  • Extra-framework Al
  • m-Xylene conversion
  • MCM-22 zeolite
  • Steam-acid dealumination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Effect of extra-framework Al formed by successive steaming and acid leaching of zeolite MCM-22 on its structure and catalytic performance. / Mihályi, R. M.; Kollár, M.; Király, P.; Karoly, Z.; Mavrodinova, V.

In: Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 417-418, 29.02.2012, p. 76-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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