Effect of environmental conditions and water status on the bioactive compounds of broccoli

Zoltán Pék, Hussein Daood, Magdolna Gasztonyi Nagyné, András Neményi, Lajos Helyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


Four experiments were carried out in 2010 and 2011 to determine how cultivation period (spring or autumn), harvest season (summer or autumn), and plant water status (irrigated or rainfed) influenced content and composition of broccoli cultivar Parthenon F1 with respect to sulforaphane and phenolics under field conditions in Gödöllo{double acute}, Hungary. Sulforaphane content was significantly higher in the autumn harvests, regardless of irrigation treatments. Harvest season also influenced total phenolics content, with the highest values occurring in the spring season. Harvest season also affected trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and this capacity was also the greatest in spring. Caffeic acid glucoside was a major phenolics component in both spring and autumn season harvests. The season and irrigation related changes in other phenolic component contents were also characterised in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-787
Number of pages11
JournalCentral European Journal of Biology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2013



  • Brassica oleracea convar. botrytis var. italica
  • Irrigation
  • Phenolics
  • Sulforaphane
  • TEAC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this