Effect of endotoxin and radio-detoxified endotoxin on cell membranes in vitro.

T. Kubasova, Z. Somosy, L. Bertók, G. J. Köteles

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The effect of parent lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and radio-detoxified endotoxin (rdLPS) on various human blood cell membranes proved to be different as detected by 3H-concanavalin A-binding technique in vitro. The lectin-binding ability of erythrocyte membranes did not change upon treatment by either endotoxin, whereas that of lymphocytes was stimulated by LPS at 10-50 micrograms/ml concentration as well as by rdLPS at the lowest dose applied, i.e. 0.1 micrograms/ml. The LPS-treated platelets bound 3H-concanavalin A less than did the untreated controls; on the other hand, the rdLPS did not change the lectin-binding surface of these cells. The affection by radiation of cell membranes could be prevented by pretreatment with endotoxins. This fact, however, could not be considered a radioprotective effect. The micromorphological investigations by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) support our data concerning the functional alterations of plasma membranes of platelets and lymphocytes after LPS and rdLPS treatment as well as after the combined effect of endotoxin pretreatment and X-irradiation, since a severe smoothening of the cell surface could be observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-243
Number of pages9
JournalActa microbiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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