Effect of different treatments on Aerosil silica-supported Pd nanoparticles produced by 'controlled colloidal synthesis'

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Abstract

Pd nanoparticles were prepared by 'controlled colloidal synthesis' (CCS) using aerosil silica support. On SiO2, 1-2 nm thick ethanol-rich adsorption layer in ethanol-toluene and ethanol-water mixtures was formed into which Pd(II) ions diffused and were reduced there by ethanol. Using Pd(II)-acetate precursor in an ethanol-toluene mixture (sample G1) and PdCl2 precursor in an ethanol-water mixture (sample G2), palladium particles of 7.0 and 8.8 nm size, respectively, were produced. Effects of treatments in air and hydrogen were studied on the Pd/SiO2 samples. The Pd particles showed a twofold/threefold increase in the catalytic activity in benzene hydrogenation after treatment in air at 573 K. The activity increase cannot be explained by a change in the particle size as indicated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and CO chemisorption data. Augmentation of turnover number is interpreted by the removal of carbonaceous residues and by the restructuring of the surface caused by carbon removal followed by PdO/Pd transition in the subsequent hydrogen treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume141-142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2001
Event14th Intenational Symposium on the Reactivity of Solids - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: Aug 27 2000Aug 31 2000

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Keywords

  • Controlled colloidal synthesis
  • Pd nanoparticles
  • TEM
  • TPO studies
  • XPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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