Effect of Cs+ ions on the electrochemical nanogravimetric response of platinum electrode in acid media

B. B. Berkes, A. Székely, G. Inzelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Platinum electrodes have been investigated in sulfuric acid solutions in the presence and absence of Cs+ ions by electrochemical quartz crystal nanobalance (EQCN). An unusual potential dependence of the quartz crystal frequency response has been observed in the presence of Cs+ ions. The frequency decrease is more pronounced in the region of the underpotential deposition of hydrogen, and the frequency decrease in the double layer region diminishes as the concentration ratio of Cs+ and H + ions increases. After immersion in Cs2SO4 solutions the frequency change was higher than that expected taking into account the density and viscosity. The effects observed can be explained by the specific adsorption of Cs+ ions on the Pt surface, which competes with the hydrogen adsorption. At more positive potentials than the potential of zero charge (pzc) a desorption of the Cs+ ions starts. In this potential region both Cs+ and HSO4- ions are adsorbed at the platinum surface. In the double layer region the mass change caused by the desorption of Cs+ ions and the starting adsorption of sulfate ions compensates each other.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1098
Number of pages4
JournalElectrochemistry Communications
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

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Platinum
Ions
Electrodes
Acids
Quartz
Adsorption
Hydrogen
Desorption
Crystals
Sulfuric acid
Sulfates
Frequency response
Viscosity

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Caesium ions
  • Electrochemical quartz crystal nanobalance
  • Platinum electrode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

Effect of Cs+ ions on the electrochemical nanogravimetric response of platinum electrode in acid media. / Berkes, B. B.; Székely, A.; Inzelt, G.

In: Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 12, No. 8, 08.2010, p. 1095-1098.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Inzelt, G.

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N2 - Platinum electrodes have been investigated in sulfuric acid solutions in the presence and absence of Cs+ ions by electrochemical quartz crystal nanobalance (EQCN). An unusual potential dependence of the quartz crystal frequency response has been observed in the presence of Cs+ ions. The frequency decrease is more pronounced in the region of the underpotential deposition of hydrogen, and the frequency decrease in the double layer region diminishes as the concentration ratio of Cs+ and H + ions increases. After immersion in Cs2SO4 solutions the frequency change was higher than that expected taking into account the density and viscosity. The effects observed can be explained by the specific adsorption of Cs+ ions on the Pt surface, which competes with the hydrogen adsorption. At more positive potentials than the potential of zero charge (pzc) a desorption of the Cs+ ions starts. In this potential region both Cs+ and HSO4- ions are adsorbed at the platinum surface. In the double layer region the mass change caused by the desorption of Cs+ ions and the starting adsorption of sulfate ions compensates each other.

AB - Platinum electrodes have been investigated in sulfuric acid solutions in the presence and absence of Cs+ ions by electrochemical quartz crystal nanobalance (EQCN). An unusual potential dependence of the quartz crystal frequency response has been observed in the presence of Cs+ ions. The frequency decrease is more pronounced in the region of the underpotential deposition of hydrogen, and the frequency decrease in the double layer region diminishes as the concentration ratio of Cs+ and H + ions increases. After immersion in Cs2SO4 solutions the frequency change was higher than that expected taking into account the density and viscosity. The effects observed can be explained by the specific adsorption of Cs+ ions on the Pt surface, which competes with the hydrogen adsorption. At more positive potentials than the potential of zero charge (pzc) a desorption of the Cs+ ions starts. In this potential region both Cs+ and HSO4- ions are adsorbed at the platinum surface. In the double layer region the mass change caused by the desorption of Cs+ ions and the starting adsorption of sulfate ions compensates each other.

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