Effect of contact lens wear on the release of tear mediators in keratoconus

Mariann Fodor, Bence L. Kolozsvári, Goran Petrovski, Beáta A. Kettesy, Péter Gogolák, Éva Rajnavölgyi, Bernadett Ujhelyi, László Módis, Beáta É Petrovski, Georgina Z. Szima, András Berta, Andrea Facskó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES:: The release of different cytokines and mediators in tears of patients with keratoconus (KC) wearing contact lenses (CLs) may contribute to the pathology of KC. METHODS:: Cohort study was established in patients with KC wearing rigid gas permeable (RGP) CL (group I), patients with ametropia wearing silicone hydrogel (Si-Hi) CL (group II) and ametropic patients wearing RGP CL (group III). RESULTS:: Our findings indicate that before CL wear, the release of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) was attenuated, whereas matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, interleukin (IL)-6, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL5), IL-13, and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 were enhanced in KC compared with ametropes. An increasing linear trend over time was found for MMP-9, EGF, and CXCL8 in KC and MMP-9, MMP-13, IL-6, and CXCL8 in group III. Significant differences were observed in the linear trend over time between groups I and III for MMP-13 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1; between groups I and II for MMP-9 and CXCL8; and between groups III and II for MMP-9, CXCL8, and MMP-13. In KC, the release of MMP-9 at week 6 and nerve growth factor (NGF) at 10 min was higher, but NGF at week 2 was lower than that in group II. The release of MMP-13 and NGF at week 2 and 6 were lower in the KC group as compared with group III, and similarly, with IL-6 and CXCL8 at week 2 and PAI at all time points. CONCLUSIONS:: Contact lens wear can influence the levels and dynamics of various mediators in the tears of patients with KC that might have an impact on the progression of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalEye and Contact Lens
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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