Effect of combinations of light intensity and photoperiod on heading date of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

I. Karsai, K. Mészáros, B. Koszegi, Z. Bedo, O. Veisz

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to evaluate the effect of light intensity and photoperiod on heading and to establish the reaction types of barley, a set of barley germplasm of various geographical origin and growth habit was examined in a series of controlled growth chamber experiments combining two levels of light intensity with long and short photoperiod regimes. Low light intensity contributed only a limited portion to the total variance of heading and this originated to a large extent from the genotype light intensity interaction for both photoperiods. Under the long photoperiod regime the effect of low light intensity was only apparent in a significant delay in heading. Under a short photoperiod the type of sensitivity depended on the growth habit. Low light intensity hastened plant development in 15% of the spring barley varieties, while the flowering of 44% of the winter barley varieties was significantly delayed. Establishing the reaction types for photoperiod and low light intensity in this range of barley germplasm made it possible to identify the typical reaction types of the two growth-habit groups. In addition, it also became possible to identify genotypes with contrasting or unusual combinations of these traits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-405
Number of pages9
JournalActa Agronomica Hungarica
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Flowering
  • Hordeum vulgare L
  • Light intensity
  • Photoperiod

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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