Effect of cisplatin treatment on early activation of oncogenes in vivo

Árpád Németh, Zoltán Gyöngyi, Edit Nádasi, Ágoston Ember, Lajos Olasz, Zoltán Nyárády, Jozsef Skapinyecz, István Ember

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the study was to monitor the early effect of cytostatics containing platinum on oncogenes in inbred CBA/Ca mice. In human head-neck tumors after treatment with the Cisplatin supplemented BVM (Bleomycin, Vincristine, Methotrexate) protocol, further surgeries are often necessary due to regional recurrence. Body weight equivalent amounts of human dose of Cisplatin were administered intraperitoneally to 6-8-week-old, inbred, female CBA/Ca mice. Twenty four 48 and 72 hours after the treatment RNA was isolated from the target organs and the quantitative expression of c-myc, Ha-ras and p53 genes was examined by dot-blotting in potential target tissues. Significant overexpression of Ha-ras, and p53 genes was measured in the bone marrow. Regarding the expression of Ha-ras gene, a significant increase was also found in the lymph nodes after 48 hours. The p53 expression in the lungs was down-regulated compared to the control group. In the "short-term" in vivo test, 24-hour examination of gene expression and amplification is suitable for detecting the early effects of carcinogenetic exposure. Cisplatin-induced gene expression alterations call attention to its possible role in the development of regional recurrence in patients treated with cisplatin-containing regimens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-310
Number of pages4
JournalIn Vivo
Volume16
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2002

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Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • CBA/Ca mice
  • Cisplatin
  • Gene expression
  • Oral carcinomas
  • Tumor recidives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Németh, Á., Gyöngyi, Z., Nádasi, E., Ember, Á., Olasz, L., Nyárády, Z., Skapinyecz, J., & Ember, I. (2002). Effect of cisplatin treatment on early activation of oncogenes in vivo. In Vivo, 16(5), 307-310.