The effect of Chinoin-103 (CH-103) was examined on the electrophysiological and mechanical properties of the isolated guinea-pig atrial and ventricular myocardium and on membrane ionic currents of the frog atrial trabeculae using glass-microelectrode and voltage clamp techniques. In the guinea-pig atrial and ventricular myocardium, CH-103 had no effect on the resting membrane potential, but decreased the action potential overshoot and maximum rate of depolarization (V̇(max)). CH-103 exerted a negative inotropic effect on both preparations. The drug (10-5 M) consistently shifted the membrane responsiveness curve to more negative potentials. CH-103 rapidly abolished the membrane electrogenesis in myocardial preparations pretreated with 5 mM MnCl2. The slow action potentials induced in K+-depolarized preparations by caffeine were slightly reduced, whereas the isoproterenol-induced ones were markedly depressed by the drug. In voltage clamp experiments, CH-103 strongly reduced the fast inward Na+ current, but hardly decreased the slow inward Ca2+ current and the delayed outward K+ current. These results suggest that CH-103 has both membrane stabilizing and beta-blocking effects, and can explain the antiarrhythmic action of CH-103.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Archives internationales de pharmacodynamie et de therapie|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 10 1983|
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