To investigate the role of secondary structure in the substrate specificity of human 72 kDa type IV collagenase, we synthesised linear and cyclic collagen sequence analogs. As Ca2+ plays a crucial role in the enzyme activity, the CD and FTIR spectra of the peptides were also measured in the presence of Ca2+. Most of the linear, but none of the cyclic peptides form stable 1:1 Ca2+ complexes. The cyclic hexapeptides adopt significantly different backbone conformations comprising not only β-turns but also the less frequent γ-turns. Consequently, in the cyclopeptides the scissile Gly-Ile(Leu) bond is embedded into a different conformational environment, but in spite of that none of them is a substrate or an inhibitor of the enzyme. The best substrate Ac-Pro-Leu-Gly-Leu-Ala-Gly-D-Lys-OH binds Ca2+, but does not form a stable 1:1 Ca2+ complex, which suggests that instead of a folded structure an extended flexible conformation is preferred by the enzyme.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 14 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology