Effect of bunt infection on the frost resistance of wheat varieties and of lines containing Bt genes

O. Veisz, Lu Szunics, L. Szunics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In artificial infection experiments carried out in the nursery in Martonvasar in 1991, 1992 and 1993, studies were made on the bunt infection of wheat varieties bred in Martonvasar and of monogenic lines containing known resistance genes (Bt1 to Bt10, respectively). This was followed in 1993 by tests on the frost resistance of healthy wheat seedlings and wheat seedlings artificially infected with bunt in the frost-testing chamber of the Martonvasar phytotron. During the period of the experiment, the local pathogen population was avirulent to genes Bt9 and Bt10, and virulent to Bt7. Monogenic lines containing resistance genes Bt4, Bt5, Bt6 and Bt8 had good resistance, while that of lines containing Bt1, Bt2 and Bt3 was only moderate. Among the cultivated varieties, only three proved to be moderately resistant (Martonvasari 17', 'Martonvasari 23', 'Fatima 2'), while the remainder were susceptible or very susceptible. The frost resistance of plants infected with bunt was significantly lower, over an average of the varieties, than that of healthy plants. A close (r = 0.890) correlation was found between the bunt susceptibility of the varieties tested and the increase in frost kill due to infection, while no correlation was observed in this respect for monogenic lines containing various resistance genes (Bt).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-126
Number of pages4
JournalPlant Breeding
Volume116
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 1997

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frost resistance
Triticum
wheat
Infection
frost
Seedlings
infection
Genes
genes
seedlings
Nurseries
testing
breeds
pathogens
cultivars
Population

Keywords

  • Abiotic and biotic stress effects
  • Bt genes
  • Bunt infection
  • Frost resistance
  • Tilletia foetida
  • Triticum aestivum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science
  • Biotechnology

Cite this

Effect of bunt infection on the frost resistance of wheat varieties and of lines containing Bt genes. / Veisz, O.; Szunics, Lu; Szunics, L.

In: Plant Breeding, Vol. 116, No. 2, 05.1997, p. 123-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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