Effect of bonding structure on hardness and fracture resistance of W-B-C coatings with varying B/W ratio

S. Mirzaei, M. Alishahi, P. Souček, L. Zábranský, V. Buršíková, M. Stupavská, V. Peřina, K. Balázsi, Z. Czigány, P. Vašina

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Low ductility and brittle deformation behaviors are major drawbacks of currently used commercial hard ceramic-based protective coatings. Recent ab-initio calculations revealed that the coexistence of metallic, boride and carbide bonds in a nanolaminate structure of crystalline W2BC system provides a combination of high hardness together with moderate ductility. The present paper deals with coatings containing W, B and C with different compositions and investigates the effect of the boron to tungsten ratio (B/W) on the structural and mechanical properties of W-B-C coatings prepared by pulsed-DC magnetron sputtering at a moderate temperature. Coatings with low B/W were deposited in a nanocomposite structure, whereas coatings with high B/W ratios were near-amorphous. The structure of the coatings was not a decisive factor in determining their mechanical properties. These were, however, directly correlated with the chemical bonds present. All the coatings exhibited high fracture resistance. These properties together with good adhesion to cemented tungsten carbides make W-B-C coatings promising candidates for the future protective coatings of tools which undergo large deformation in their working cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843-849
Number of pages7
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Publication statusPublished - Jan 25 2019



  • Hardness
  • Magnetron sputtering
  • Nanocomposite
  • Protective coating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Mirzaei, S., Alishahi, M., Souček, P., Zábranský, L., Buršíková, V., Stupavská, M., Peřina, V., Balázsi, K., Czigány, Z., & Vašina, P. (2019). Effect of bonding structure on hardness and fracture resistance of W-B-C coatings with varying B/W ratio. Surface and Coatings Technology, 358, 843-849. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.12.007