Study objective - The aim was to investigate the role of platelet activating factor (PAF) in myocardial ischaemia by using BN 50739, a new specific PAF receptor antagonist with a hetrazepine framework.Design - Isolated working rat hearts were subjected to regional ischaemia, induced by ligation of the left main coronary artery for 30 min, followed by reperfusion. BN 50739 was applied at concentrations of 10-7, 10-6, 10-5 and 5 × 10-5 M, and its effects on the incidence of ischaemia induced and reperfusion induced ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation and heart functions, such as heart rate, coronary flow, aortic flow, left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), its first derivative (LvdP/dtmax), and left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP), were determined.Experimental material - Studies were performed on isolated working hearts of male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 300-360 g. Hearts were perfused with BN 50739 dissolved in dimethylsulphoxide. Control hearts were perfused with the vehicle.Measurements and main results - Regional ischaemia triggered ventricular arrhythmias showing high incidence between 12 and 20 min with peak appearance at 16 min. BN 50739 induced dose dependent protection against ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation: incidences declined from their respective control values of 91% and 75% to 33% (p<0.05) and 8% (p<0.05) after exposure to 10-5 M, and to 25% (p<0.05) and 8% (p<0.05) after exposure to 5 × 10-5 M concentrations. Reperfusion of the ischaemic myocardium resulted in an immediate appearance of ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation, but these were not suppressed by the PAF antagonist. Regional ischaemia slightly reduced heart rate, markedly decreased coronary flow, aortic flow, LVDP and LvdP/dtmax, and increased LVEDP. With the exception of LVEDP, these variables were not influenced by the drug. BN 50739, applied at a concentration of 5 × 10-5 M, reduced LVEDP significantly during the whole ischaemic period.Conclusions - Under in vitro conditions PAF is likely to be involved in the genesis of ischaemia induced ventricular arrhythmias since BN 50739, a specific PAF receptor antagonist, exerts a protective effect against these rhythm disturbances. This suggests that PAF antagonists may have benefit in the clinical management of acute myocardial ischaemia.
- In vitro
- Myocardial function
- Platelet activating factor PAF antagonist
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)