Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on the Growth and Polyphenol Profile of Marjoram, Lemon Balm, and Marigold

Rita Engel, Krisztina Szabó, L. Abrankó, Kata Rendes, Anna Füzy, Tünde Takács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) colonization on biomass, polyphenol profile, and content of economically important herbs. A pot experiment was performed with marjoram, lemon balm, and marigold applying a commercially available AMF mixture for inoculation. Major polyphenols were identified using HPLC-UV-ESI-qTOFMS on the basis of their UV-vis and mass spectral characteristics, and selected ones were quantified. We showed that AMF can provide different services for each herb. Marjoram had the highest level of fungal colonization (82 M%) followed by lemon balm (62 M%) and marigold (17 M%). AMF inoculation significantly increased the biomass of marjoram (1.5-fold), the number of marigold flowers (1.2-fold), and the yield of rosmarinic acid and lithospermic acid isomers of marjoram (1.5-fold) and lemon balm (1.2-fold). Therefore, the quantity and quality of plant material could be improved by the application of optimized AMF inoculum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3733-3742
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume64
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 18 2016

Fingerprint

Melissa
lemon balm
marjoram
Origanum
Polyphenols
Fungi
mycorrhizal fungi
polyphenols
Growth
Biomass
herbs
rosmarinic acid
biomass
Isomers
isomers
inoculum
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
flowers
acids

Keywords

  • arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
  • Calendula officinalis
  • Melissa officinalis
  • Origanum majorana
  • polyphenol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on the Growth and Polyphenol Profile of Marjoram, Lemon Balm, and Marigold. / Engel, Rita; Szabó, Krisztina; Abrankó, L.; Rendes, Kata; Füzy, Anna; Takács, Tünde.

In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 64, No. 19, 18.05.2016, p. 3733-3742.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Engel, Rita ; Szabó, Krisztina ; Abrankó, L. ; Rendes, Kata ; Füzy, Anna ; Takács, Tünde. / Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on the Growth and Polyphenol Profile of Marjoram, Lemon Balm, and Marigold. In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2016 ; Vol. 64, No. 19. pp. 3733-3742.
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